2/6/2013 12:32:00 PM
Lecture 4: The Chemical Revolution: Lavoisier’s Oxygen Chemistry
The Chemical revolution
1. Chemistry : The Science of Substance
Interchangeably called alchemy : both referred to science of
Esotericism and Secrecy : there were lots of secrecy involved,
people wanted to capitalize this. People would encode it even
further once they found out it was novel.
Alchemy vs. Chemistry: Alchemy about taking one thing and
changing it into another.
Chemistry as Taxonomy: Identification, classification of substances
Elements and Principles: periodic table, etc. People didn’t always
think of it this way.
Richard Boyle: demonstrate the futility of two systems.
o Didn’t come up with any system of his own
2. Pneumatic Chemistry : the chemistry of air or gas
Hales: pneumatic troph, air as the homogenous substance
Joseph Black: unlike Hales, air as having different properties
sometimes. Air came in varieties with different substa