HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Shock Absorber, Klemens Von Metternich, Congress Of Vienna

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Published on 27 Nov 2012
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November 8th, 2012
THE CONGRESS OF VIENNA AND RECONSTRUCTION OF
EUROPE
During the expedition against Russia, Prussia and Austria had sent troops in
support of N.
But, once the N. had been defeated both Prussia and Austria signed alliances
with Russia
A new international European system the Congress of Vienna (taking two
years)
The Baltic Empire was out of the consort of Europe
Napoleon was sent to the Isle of Alba but he escaped and returned to France
but after Waterloo he was exiled to St. Helen where he died (mid-1820s)
A final treaty was signed in June 1815 Vienna
France
It was impossible to return to the past map of Europe the pre-revolutionary
system, although some tried
France was now ruled by ultra-royalists who tried to purge all ideas of
Napoleon, but this did not really work
Prussia, Russia and Austria treated France quite well (as a victim of N. as
well)
Louis XVIII was replaced by his brother Charles who was even more
reactionary
~ In March 1830 there was a 2nd revolution in Paris
~ Louis Philippe became a bourgeois king
The Congress of Vienna
Representatives from Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain although
France and Spain were there as well
Alexander I, Francis I (emperor of Austria) were there
Even though they were allies, there would still be conflicts
Only England assumed a typical British position during the 19th c. it did not
want to have any territories on continent (on the colonies instead) and
wanted to maintain a balance of power
The most aggressive participants were Russia, Prussia, and Austria
Russia wanted to take whatever was possible, Prussia wanted to punish the
other allies of Napoleon, Austria wanted to regain all the territories it had
lost
This was of course impossible
Two great controversies:
1. Russia wanted to take the former Duchy of Warsaw, territories in the
Balkans from the Austrian point of view, this was very dangerous
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