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Lecture 6

HIS311Y1 - Lecture 6

Course Code
P Rutherford

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HIS311Y1 – Lecture 6
Borden, Canada, and the first world war, 1911-21
Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937)
intelligent, plodding, Nova Scotian lawyer
conservative party leader, 1901-20
Prime minister of Canada, 1911-20
Borden's view of the empire
nationalist and imperialist
Call us to your councils
he said to the British, stating that Canada should be more represented in Br itish counsel
Loring Christie (wanted closer relation with Bri t ain)
Borden's Diplomacy, 1911-14
relations with the US
Underwood Tariff, 1913 (could trade freer with the US)
Peace War”, 1914 (100
anniversary of the last conf lict between Canada and the US)
relations with Br itain
visit to London, 1912 (to discuss naval building with Churchill)
Naval Aid Bill, 1912-13 (bill intended to send $35 million to the British to pay for 3
Dreadnought ships) ******** this term or other naval bill (involving Laurie r) w ill
probably be a identification question on the midterm)
Committee of Imperial Defence
Br itish institution that was a gathering of the “white dominions, used to help direct
war in a cons ervative manner
The 'Europe of two counsel camps', June-August 1914
The Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, It aly, plus the Ottoman Empire)
The Triple Entente (Russia, France, Brit ain)
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, June 28, 1914 (sparked t he war)
Serbian assassin shot him
July Cr isis, 1914
the Schlieffen Plan (if alliance were to protect Serbia, then Germany would enact this pl an
which involved invading France)
the 'Blank Cheque'
Br itain's indecision (once Belgium was invaded, Bri t ain joined the war)
German invasion of France and Belgium
Canada's Involvement in 1914
very small army, t housands compared to empire's millions
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