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The Era of Appeasement: Canada in the dirty Thirties
- conventional/prevailing economic policy at the time: raise tariffs on imports to
encourage domestic industries, hence economic warfare tense relation with other
countries (also possibility of retaliation)
Global Impact of depression 1929-39:
- severe contraction of global trade
- greatest/ most severe impact on US/Canada
- increased isolationism
- undermining of the western democracies
- weak democratic power of 1930s: hesitant, incapable of resolving the problem
at the time
The Specter of Communism:
- Bolshevik Revolution 1917
- Joseph Stalin
- Comeintern
- purges of the 1930s
- threat of communism: foremost in mind of policymakers/political leaders in the
Western countries, as it threats the very core of democracy
Nazi Germany:
- Adolf Hitler
- fascism
- extreme racism
- lebensraum

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R. B. Bennett:
- wealthy Calgary lawyer and businessman
- conservative leader 1927-38
- prime minister 1930-35
- bonfire bennett
- to end depression or die trying (promised Canadians the world)
- extremely successful businessman
Bennetts foreign policies: 1930-35
- statute of westminister 1931: an act of british parliament, british recognized that the
colonies/dominions could run their own foreign policy thus part of british law and
Canada almost became an independent country at last (Br still remained control
amending Canadas constitution); canada had become an independent country within
the British colony; BUT JCPC (British court) remained Canadas high court until 1939
more of MacKenzies achievement instead of Bennett, Bennett was just the prime
minister at the time, right place at the right time?
- blasting into world markets: raising tariffs to extremely high level, thus virtually blocked
other countries from importing any products into Canadian market thus closed off the
Canadian market, also hurt the homefront, as some foreign goods could be bought
more cheaply than producing at home
- imperial economic conference 1932
- more pro-British, less pro-americans, hence pro-imperialism
- Japanese invasion of Manchuria 1931
Italy and Ethiopia 1935:
- Haile Selassie
- invasion of Ethiopia 1935
- Canadian proposal (walter riddell)
Spanish civil war 1936-39:
- francos nationalists
- aznars republicans
- Mackenzie- paineau battalion (foreign enlistment act 1937)
- guernica 1937
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