HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: African Renaissance

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29 Jan 2013
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Semester 2, Lecture 11: Wednesday March 28, 2012
Post-Independence State and the Economy
Independence
At the end of WWII, only 3 African countries enjoyed anything that we can call
political independence
o Ethiopia, Libya, Egypt
Colonialism creates new states, colonization creates new people, and new forms
of production, etc
o Everything becomes altered during the colonial period and depending on
which is colonizing the society, you end up with many different cultures
in one
How States Confront the Strategy of Independence
1. Weakly Institutionalized States
o States that had been run on ‘dived and rule’, reparation, exploitation, etc.
2. The political systems were marked by a lack of accountability
o States’ society relations were premised on paternalism and individualistic
partner-client relations as opposed to formal institutions
o Ruling without being accountable to the people that they are ruling
At independence, the new ruling elite were confronted with dual challenges
o 1. Of promoting nation-building
o 2. Promoting economic development
The nationalist elite celebrated the end of colonial rule as the beginning of the
African Renaissance
o A moment for Africa to come up and develop its society
Many of the elite though that they could draw upon their African cultures as
cultural heritage to help them and guide their future development
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