HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Sasanian Empire
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Persia: Crossroads of Empire
1. Introduction: The Age of Classical Empires
- 900 BCE to 651 CE
- What is Asia? A landmass, a continent. (East Asia, West Asia)
2. Four Persian Empires (IRAN)
- Achaemenid (559-330 bce)
- The capital of persia was persepolis.
- Cyrus he united the first persian empire and defeated the babylonians.
- He presented himself as a traditional mesopotamian ruler.
- He restored temples and conquered and many intermarriage alliances to
expand the empire.
- Darius was not a direct relative, but he was the strongest military ruler, he
created and extended an administrative structure.
- Xertes had the least impact, was engaged with many wars with greeks,
Persian wars. (fought to keep persia together).
- Seleucid (323-83 BCE)
- Persia was conquered by alexander the great from macedonia.
- The seleucids ruled the part known as iran.
- Alexander’s generals took over the empire.
- The greek influence was present through art and architecture.
- Seleucid claimed he was a descendant from alexander the great.
- Parthian ( 247 Bce- 224 CE)
- Nomadic (wanderers) people from north west iran.
- They often traveled with animals, and were herders of animals
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