14 Dec 2010
School
Department
Course
Oct 4
Petrarch 1304-74
Boccacio d 1375
C Salutati d 1406
L. Bruni d 1444
Social change brought by rising middle class, wanting to exercise political rights, organize
e.g. guilds,
Urban middle class of towns, looking for ideology to replace value structure of middle ages
HUMANISM:
Humanista: someone who practices the humanities/liberal arts, someone who is committed to
human letters that constituted the study of secular literature, history, ethics, and other values that
pertain to living an urban secular life
Middle class: made themselves, product of social mobility, worked and made their own wealth
from often obscure origins
laymen: didnt fit into first, second, third estates, role was not defined in middle age society
Educated: before education was usually reserved for the clergy
Newly educated middle class (laymen), had beef with nobles, and traditional educated clergy
Italy
Italian trading cities benefited from crusades, opened trade routes in Mediterranean
Were the first to develop their own dynamic culture of urban secular life
Secular education in Italian cities remained, city structures were kept somewhat intact through
middle ages because off Mediterranean trade
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