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Lecture 4

HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Protestantism

Course Code
Robert Bothwell

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Lecture 4: 9/23/10
- Two French colonies: New France + Acadia; they have 12-13 000 inhabitants at
the beginning of the 18th century
-In 1700, the British colonies included: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, New York, Boston, Philadelphia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia
and North Carolina
Boston, New York and Philadelphia are the largest (although, while large, they
are still dependent colonies)
-The potential for growth is there in the English colonies
-There is a great distance between New France and the English colonies (distance
and the physical characteristics of the land between the French and British colonies
i.e., no navigable rivers that run north-south, thick forests, rough terrain inhibit
communication and trade, however also act as a wall and defense for New France)
-The British have no resources to break through the natural barrier
-Geography favors the French (Hudson River)
The Hudson River freezes and is inaccessible during the winter months (water
is the main transportation method in the absence of roads)
-For Acadia, this natural barrier does not existAcadia is close to New England and
sits on top of desirable land (on the Atlantic fishery, a tremendous source of income
– the fishery is a constant /desirable occupation)
-At this time, there were the Religious Wars of Europe (between Protestants and
-Religion is a defining characteristic of nationality, but not the only factor
-Louis XIV wishes to bring England back to the Catholic faith James II, the king of
England, believes in this as well (however, James is politically and strategically
-In 1688, William of Orange stages a rebellion and taking the throne of England
from James II
-James (a relative of Louis?) goes to France to talk to Louis XIV Louis recognizes
James’ son as the true successor to the throne and the King Williams War begins
The war consists of France on one side and England with a European
coalition on the other side
-The war is really about French dominance in Europe (it is the largest, most
populous country with the strongest navy)
-In 1960, the war is on equal terms – Louis does not lose or win
-The war is waged in North America as well (Nova Scotia, Quebec City) however the
French are able to resist British attacks
The war is also staged in the interior and involves the native nations (who are
-The natives went where their interests were greatest; the Iroquois were British
allies while the interior nations favored the French
-The Frontier War of 1960 involves attacks on the New England frontier
-The Treaty of (*****) in 1967 effectively ends the war – a stalemate
-The War of the Spanish Succession was over the question of who should be the
king of Spain the Hapsburgs (the dying Spanish king’s Austrian cousins) or the
family of the King of France
-Louis XIV wants his grandson to be the King of Spain Spain is a rich prize, a
Spanish-French coalition would be a huge strength
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