HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Virtual Representation, Intolerable Acts

31 views3 pages
4 Dec 2011
School
Department
Course
Lecture 6: 9/30/10
Why 13 colonies revolted
-On one side, east/west Florida, Quebec; the rest (including Nova Scotia) had the
same kind of government made up of 3 legislative institutions:
1. The Assembly (elected) – in charge of raising taxes
2. (*****)
3. (*****)
-“The British Empire was acquired in a fit of absence of mind”
-The colonies were governed from London; the King and his ministers run
everything
-In British parliament, the cabinet has a chief minister (who would eventually be
Prime Minister)
The Prime Minister is in charge of the House of Commons; problem: the
House of Commons is elected on the base of ridings that date from the 16th
century (some of the ridings don’t have inhabitants and others were owned
private property)
-When it’s said that the House of Commons is elected, it is not democratically
elected. It’s representative but not fully.
-The House of Commons represents two kingdoms: England and Scotland there
are large parts of Great Britain that are not represented
-The great debate of the time: should there be a reform of British parliament
because of the abovementioned inadequacies?
This question is important when we look at the structure of the British Empire
-By the mid-18th century, the population is getting rather large (larger than Ireland
and Scotland, and getting close to the size of England)
-The British colonies begin to realize that they are not being represented (only
virtual representation)
-Periodically (in the history of British politics) the unrepresented peoples would boil
over into riots
These riots were bloody, but a part of the constitution (it was how the masses
let the government know that they had gone too far) *extra-parliamentary
way of influence
-This kind of people-government relation did not exist in the British colonies (mostly
because there were very few taxes) – there were taxes on goods only
Correspondingly, if taxes on goods were too high, the people would cope
through smuggling
-A wise government will sometimes let the tax go uncollected in order to maintain
peace
-At this time, the colonies were becoming more important economically (a major
export market)
-By the 18th century, taxation in the colonies becomes a reality
-The British government is in debt after the 7 Years War in which much of their
money was spent in America shouldn’t the Americans help to pay the costs
through taxation?
-The colonies were resistant: “No taxation without representation” was the doctrine
they campaigned (a provision that dates back to the Magda Carta)
-The colonies would not vote on their taxation – they would not consent to tax
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.