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HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Act For The Relief Of The Poor 1601, Wage Labour, Cheesemaking

Course Code
Jennifer Mori

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Lower Orders
11:05 AM
50% of population, ordinary folk, hard to classify them, vast variations in
Rural vast majority where ppl lived
Every village had a baker, artisans, fishing, mining, textiles, cheesemaking
Don’t do one job for a living labourers, agriculture was seasonal, have to
make ends meet
Also the same in towns, domestic for women
Moved regularly for labour, especially if you are not a homeowner
80% moved
Yeoman and husbandman, almost like a guild, all early modern people
were independent, not entirely reliant in a economy, self-serve, common lands,
collect or use the resources of common fields, 10 pounds per year, firewood,
tent, female household economy, contributed through these land rights,
Working women, not wage labour, much more important in towns than
countryside, paid in kind,
Tried to give children education, few years of schooling, apprenticeship,
10% of all apprenticeship did go to girls, late age of marriage, 27 years old for
women, nutrition not as good, teenagers hit puberty, 16 or 17 menstruation,
girls dowry, menial jobs for little pay, if parents cant do it, men are trying to be
able to get married, state they can nest egg
Many women will return back to work when they can be by themselves,
status symbol if you would not work, luxury, wven with middling sort some
women work alongside their husband
260 pounds 1630-1680, considerable sum
Husbandman, 5 acres of land, still self sufficient, 44 pounds in will
Labourers, town or country, little education, no skills, very small land half
an acre, supplement have to work
Master craftsmen, aristocracy of labour
Unskilled labourers
1500-1610, declining wages, bad harvests
Elizabethan Poor law, 1560-1700's charities that church provided before
1.1576 first statutes, 1601, actually begin, required every statute in
country to implement welfare for them, what is best for them
Had to raise money, local tax, the poor rate, upon all householders, not
necessarily owners
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