1700 1945 1975: actively or passively resisting rule. British east india co: became more and more powerful quasi government, battle of plassey, 1757 ruler of bengal surrendering to eic, beginning of british raj, expanding control & rule. Indian civil services top tanks filled by british. Economic exploitation: tax collection all wealth of land flowing into britain, export of cotton distortion of main crop. From resistance to independence: end of 19th century, more and more organized resistance because there was educated class who spoke english & educated abroad in british law (speak, write, organize) Indian national congress started in 1880s initially moderate: didn"t want independence, wanted more rights in british, then moving the self-rule (swaraj) certain number of autonomy but still ruled by. Crown: woodrow wilson self-determination nations with no determination to decide future of colony, did not mean everyone should have self-determination, fueled nationalist hope for independence around the world.