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Lecture

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21 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS102Y1
Professor
Nhung Tuyet Tran

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HIS363—Dynamics of Gender in Canadian History Lectures
Bruce Retallack—emergencies… 978 2407, brucer@rogers.blackberry.net
January 12 Lecture
-connection between gender and language; eg. French la le.
-gender = categorization
Gender:
Assumptions
-culture, societal
Prescriptions
-social, if the culture says your primary duty as a woman is child bearing, the social prescription is for males to take care
of them, work and bring home the chedda
Performances
-social, men and women have different morning routines, preparing to perform as we dress choose things, do or do not
put on nail polish, change. Then we go out and perform our gender.
Negotiations
institution
Regulations
institution
Representations
Identity
-between our upbringing and our own choices and what we want to create for ourselves that we forge our sense of self as
a gender identity
Cartoon at front of Syllabus
Gender differences:
FemaleMale
-clothes elaborate functional
-hair
-beasts has doesnt have
-height tall short
-bulk voluptuous/bulky scrawny
-posture expansive constrained
-cartoon is a gender transgression of the norm
-the woman has been masculinated, man feminized
-no word that doesnt genderize. If you are not female, you are male
-so then whats the regulation model?
-LIST OF BINARYS on portaltraditional masculine and feminine characteristics
www.notesolution.com
SELECTED GENDER CONTRASTS:
Visual clues:
followed by Attributes:
LargeSmall
Erect Undulating
Pants Skirts
Public Domestic
HairySmooth
MASCULINEFEMININE
Rational Emotional
CultureNature
Active Passive
Strong Weak
Controlled Flighty
www.notesolution.com
January 19th Lecture
2 key terms from last week:
--Geneology; focus on how we got here, evolved through history.
--Binary thinking
--third term: hegemony; comes from Marxism, has to do with the gaining consent of the governed…by consent, not
coercion.
-in gender terms, hegemony has to do with the making natural for example: the whole cosmetics industry. The only
way for it to thrive is for people to believe that it benefits them.
-The more we agree to the categories presented the more we confirm their existence
-gender norms/gender hegemony is interchangeable for prof.
(Review from last week)
GENDER:
Assumptionscultural; our language, standards, the english speaking west
Prescriptionsmore localized, social.
performancesindividual, but in a social environment
negotiationsthe feminist argument
regulationswhats put in place to contain such feminist arguments
representations – how we depict others, through language, drawings, physical objects
identities -- how we perceive ourselves
Readings
Scott, Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis
-provides 4 definitions of gender:
1) gender is the social organization of the relationship between the sexes
- prof says major problem with this definition, the relationship the sexes, only two—binary perception. There really is
only men and women as genders.
2) gender is a social category imposed on a sexed body
-talking about biological sex, doesnt say only two though, but its an important bedrock to the other things we think are
gender. The social organization imposed is critical, it says that gender is there, 100% social category, and we are then
associated with a sexed body—that separation is very important.
-gender as a dictionary definition… language of it is important because among many other things the most important
part about language is it categorizes. Distinguishes between thangs, rule of thumb in linguistics. Eg. Eskimos have 37
different words for snow because they feel the need to have that many different distinctions.
-language limits the expresser. If we only have male or female in language, simply talking about anything beyond that is
extremely difficult.
***Readings notes added post lecture***
Scotts definition of gender has 2 parts and several subsets;
gender is 1) a constitutive element of social relationships based on perceived differences between the sexes, and 2)
gender is a primary way of signifying relationships of power.
Gender involves 4 interrelated elements:
www.notesolution.com

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Description
HIS363Dynamics of Gender in Canadian History Lectures Bruce Retallackemergencies 978 2407, [email protected] January 12 Lecture -connection between gender and language; eg. French la le. -gender = categorization Gender: Assumptions -culture, societal Prescriptions -social, if the culture says your primary duty as a woman is child bearing, the social prescription is for males to take care of them, work and bring home the chedda Performances -social, men and women have different morning routines, preparing to perform as we dress choose things, do or do not put on nail polish, change. Then we go out and perform our gender. Negotiations institution Regulations institution Representations Identity -between our upbringing and our own choices and what we want to create for ourselves that we forge our sense of self as a gender identity Cartoon at front of Syllabus Gender differences: Female Male -clothes elaborate functional -hair -beasts has doesnt have -height tall short -bulk voluptuousbulky scrawny -posture expansive constrained -cartoon is a gender transgression of the norm -the woman has been masculinated, man feminized -no word that doesnt genderize. If you are not female, you are male -so then whats the regulation model? -LIST OF BINARYS on portaltraditional masculine and feminine characteristics www.notesolution.comSELECTED GENDER CONTRASTS: Visual clues: followed by Attributes: Large Small Erect Undulating Pants Skirts Public Domestic Hairy Smooth MASCULINE FEMININE Rational Emotional Culture Nature Active Passive Strong Weak Controlled Flighty www.notesolution.com
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