Topic 3 - War of Spanish Succession & Peace of Utrecht

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2 Jul 2011
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Topic Three
War of Spanish Succession & Peace of Utrecht
z The issue of Spanish Succession:
Leopard I: claim the empire for himself because:
a) He marries to a Spanish Infanta as well; in legal term he is as rightful as Louis;
b) Spanish Habsburg is related to leopard; so Spain is all his;
c) Leopard claim it to himself while Louis claim it for his son; so he actually has more
rights;
G/HRSDUGV UHSXWDWLRQ DQG SUHVWLJH JUHZ GXULQJ WKH VXFFHVVRIWKHZDUV ZLWK WKH7XUNV
demanded voice;
Louis: claim for his grandson: main reason: Maria Theresa did not get the dowry payment from Spain,
so she did not necessary renounce her succession in Spain;
z The Two partition treaty (1698 & 1699)
Louis XIV and William III, wanting peace and to avoid war, offer partition to break the Spanish empire
and divide them between Bourbon France and Habsburg Austria:
1. First partition Louis own son (Naples, Sicily, Sardinia); Austria (Milines); Joseph Ferdinand (Spain);
Failed because Joseph died;
6HFRQGSDUWLWLRQ/RXLVLPPHGLDWHKHLU± the Dauphin Louis: (Italian lands); Archduke Charles (rest
of the empire) (Archduke Charles is not the immediate heir to the Austrian Empire);
$OVRIDLOHGD/RXLV;,9VGLUHFWKHLUJHWVVRPHWKLQJZKLOH/HRSDUGVGLUHFWKHLUGRHVQRW
b) All Leopard wants is Italian lands which is exactly what he does not get (Austria is
landlocked, it did not need other territories);
c) Gains from the Turkish war made him more confident and pround;
z The will of Carlos II:
-- The Spanish Empire cannot be partitioned;
-- Offers the entire Spanish empire to Philip of Anjou;
-- ,I 3KLOLS RI $QMRXUHMHFWHG WKHQ WKH WKURQHJRHV WR /RXLV ;,9V \RXQJHVW JUDQGVRQERWK KDYHWR
renounce their right of French Succession;
-- If both rejected, then the throne goes to Archduke Charles;
z The War of Spanish Succession:
-- /RXLV;,9VPLVWDNHVOHGWRZDU
D5HWDLQ3KLOLSVULJKWWRWKH)UHQFKWKURQH
b) Philip V seemed a French puppet (French troops and advisors);
F5HFRJQLWLRQRI-DPHV,,VVRQWKH³2OG3UHWHQGH
-- War broke out: France vs. the Grand Alliance;
-- 1701 Austrian offensive by Prince Eugen; 1802 Anglo-Dutch offensive on the lower Rhine under
Marlborough;
-- 1702 Bavaria joined France; Savoy and Portugal joined the Grand Alliance;
-- Until 1704 France was on its way to victory until Bavaria was crushed in the Batle of Blenheim; the
Alliance took Gibraltar;
-- %DWWOHRI5DPLOOLHV$OOLHGYLFWRU\FRQTXHVWRI6SDQLVK1HWKHUODQGV(XJHQVYLFWRU\DWWKH6LHJHRI
Turin;
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