Bethmann-hollweg war aims: the purpose of the war was security for the. German empire to the west and east for the considerable future . to this end. European resources so that germany would be able to dominate europe in the future war: war was over the survival of the international system, french went to war with a battle plan. Gen joffre best defence is offense french go into alsace- lorraine, allow germany to circumvent through belgium. Joffre conceals alsace-lorraine offensive and focuses on defence of gateways to paris. 5th-10th allies defeat germany on battle of the marne: germany entrenches and fortifies. Race to the sea ensues trying to outflank each other: entrenchment extends to channel coast, how to account for such a stalemate, sheer congestion millions and millions of troops blocking open country, artois, Joffre attacks with 1000 artillery pieces and 13 divisions.