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Lecture 9

HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Continental System, Meritocracy, Nieman Fellowship


Department
History
Course Code
HIS103Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis
Lecture
9

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Monday, October 16, 2017
1
HIS103 Lecture/Week 6
Emperor of the Revolution
- 1799:
Napoleon takes power in cout détat 1799
In this effort, he was aided by the collapse of the second coalition
- In which Russia pulled out, because of their issues w/Britain, leaving only Austria
Britain was one of the biggest benefactors to this
Napoleon decides to concentrate and destroy Austria
- Created a new army in France
- Borrowed money from all the allies, all the states that the French had taken over
- New army attacked outruns in Italy and Central Europe (Germany)
- Wiped out the Austrian Army, restoring French control
- Forced Austrians to full out and sign the treaty of Luneville
Till this point, Northern Italy had never been a part of France. Napoleon forces
hands of the Austrians
By pulling out of the Second Coalition, it left only Britain in this fight
- March 1802, British sign a treaty that recognized French gains in Central EU and Italy
- In return the British promised to pull out of Malta
- Anglo-French Understanding, but didn’t last long.
British found out that Napoleon was interested in Northern Africa, more specifically
Egypt
Even French media was printing this, how it would take only 6,000 French to get
the Egyptian Empire under Napoleon
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Monday, October 16, 2017
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- English could never let them to take it
- British ambassador confused. You signed an agreement, etc
- French argued that they had not moved out of Malta either…
By 1803 the relationship became so problematic, the Brits declare war on the
French
Brits reach out and seek allies on the continent. They have money, most powerful
navy, but no land army
- Reached out to Berlin, Austria, Russia
- Only Russia and Austria responded
- Frederick William still pursued neutrality
- Napoleon’s interests concerned Russia, their national interests came into play as
well
To destory or defeat Napoleon to bring up the balance of power
- Grand Armee
Nap. created a new army
But, did not have a navy or strong navy to attack
Nap. saw the signing of Austria and Russia, continental powers dangerous to Naps.
powers
Decided to deal with continental states
- Battle of Austerlitz
The Grand Armee was pulled away from the Chanel Coast, and was brought into
Central Europe
- Continental Allies… were they ready?
- Made preperations, and united their armies to bring an overwhelming superiority
- Wanted to unite their armies a month before Christmas of 1805
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Monday, October 16, 2017
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When Napoleon came to current Czech, he caught both of the nations with their
“pants down”.
- Issue: THEY USED A DIFFERENT CALENDAR
- So calendars were 2 weeks behind, Gregorian vs Julius calendar. Russia did not
bring military force
Was 85,000 Ru. Aus. vs 75,000 French
Napoleon destroyed their coalition. Wiped out Austria from the coalition
- Treaty of Pressburg
- Austria gave every German holding over to them, dropping out
- Napoleon now had an opportunity to take down the Holy Roman Empire, which he
said was neither holy nor roman
Did this to take control of Central Europe
- After taking out Austria, it left Britain as the next target. Did this to leave no more
opposition to him
But had no naval forces. Was reminded of the Spanish Army
- Spain had signed a 1795 neutrality, couldn’t help
- Spain in 1805 was forced to join the fight with France
Spaniards allowed French navy to use ports, travel through Spain
Spain in return for not being taken over, paid a yearly instalment of 80-85m
Franks
- The Brits intercepted one of the Spanish convoys, captured, and sank….
Thus making the Spanish claim war
- Trafalgar
One of the greatest naval battles in the whole word
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