HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - Italian Unification, Unification Of Germany, Crimean War
Napoleon iii and the wars of italian unification. Napoleon iii- trying to become great power again: mid 19th ce- central european national"s time has come. January 20: germans and italians- trying to establish own nations- unsatisfactory with international order, unless system was stable enough, with demands of central europe would break down. 14 jan 1858- italian radical patriots- expressed dissatisfaction with napoleon"s inaction. Piedmont-sardinia nationalism: no chance of italian unification immediately but france for help in austria domination. That austria leave the congress isolated : britain pro-austria suddenly demanded piedmont sardinia be demobilized, international opinion swung in favour of piedmont. 24 june 1859- austrians defeated by french and piedmont forces. Internal dynamic- garibaldi- committed lifelong revolutionary and citizen of nice: france promised savoy monarchy and nice. 1860 spring- garibaldi seized social revolution in sicily (peasant revolt, sicilian separation: appealed volunteers to join him against sicily- but only few undergraduates joined him.