notes taken from lecture - fairly detailed. my prof is the night class

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30 Nov 2010
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Oct.24,1648 = birth of international relations
Peace negotiations, Treaty of Westphalia-
same model used today and will remain for the forseable
future
political and territorial arrangement made
borders remained the same until napolean
common practices were outlines (such as every major war
must be followed by a peace treaty (except WW2 and Korean
war-just suspended)
30yrs war preceeding westfalia was worse than WW2 in terms
of material and human losses, ect. (ex. Germany lost 30% of
15mill) devasting conflict
conflict started b/c of ideological schism (protestants and
catholics), technical breakthrough (firearms, gun powder,
rebuilding of professional armies)
Westphalia= Started: Oct.31st, 1617- Martin Luther had beef with his
church
Indulgence could by your way out of trouble and into the
entry to heaven (money making for church) martin didn’t
like this
Pope didn’t like that someone was challenging him so he
threatened him (heretic death sentence)
Luther starts full on attack questions necessity of church
and pope can have relationship with god without church
Luther escaped and survived (in past would have been
burned at stake) and his ideas survived religious ideological
view could be turned into political implications of this view
(which german princes noticed, they were tired of following
holy roman emperor(Ferdinand) saving Luther, though they
didn’t care about religion just about political aspect and they
wanted independence)
Simultaneous attack on political structure and the church
1618-
Austria and Spain united and decided to eliminate the
protestant brand of bohemia (Czech republic)
Moved on to deal with german protestants
By 1620-21 catholics almost wiped out all protestants in Germany
Dutch then denmark then sween entered in b/c they didn’t
want to allow all german protestants to be wiped out
Made up for lack of man power by improving their armies
(Sweden equipped entire army with muskets) very
successful until...
-1632 small battle where Gustavos Adolphus died (he had written all
protestant princes to join them together)
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

15mill) devasting conflict: conflict started b/c of ideological schism (protestants and catholics), technical breakthrough (firearms, gun powder, rebuilding of professional armies) 1618: austria and spain united and decided to eliminate the protestant brand of bohemia (czech republic, moved on to deal with german protestants. 1632 small battle where gustavos adolphus died (he had written all protestant princes to join them together) www. notesolution. com. 5yrs of negotiations: political issues= spain and austria couldn"t unite (french idea, territorial issues= winners got rewards, 30758 and territory- British (almost civil war), russia (to far) and ottoman (muslim) didn"t participate very busy in towns every soldier needs 3 peasants (to give up lodging, wife and place in heaven) Balance of power changed in europe, b/c catholics were defeated so universal monarchy(on religious and political grounds) was stopped, and from then on they became secular states. In louis the 14ths reign historians thought they wanted to claim all of europe, others said the natural borders (ex.

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