09/09/2013: course syllabus, weekly tutorial schedule of topics & readings, 1st term lecture outlines, 1st term course bibliography, 1st term essay titles! Material covered in the rst part of the course (1648-1815): 8-10 questions choose one, look at tutorial themes every week, essay for rst term should provide answer in this section! Material covered in second part of the course (1815-1945): essay for second term should provide answer in this section! The beginning of international order: peace of westphalia , 18th century balance of power ! June 6th 1944: allied troops stormed german-occupied france. Fdr de ned the purpose of the allies as nothing less than the ! %75 of ancient, male humans discovered across the globe have been found to have died from human violence: today, approx. %2 of human males today die from human violence! The emergence of the concept of a sovereign state: government, law & order, destroyed by the start of the french revolutions!