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Lecture

HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - World War I


Department
History
Course Code
HIS103Y1
Professor
Ebba Kurt

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Otzi: "The Ice Man"
Two arrows, with blood, was in a fight
Victim of violence b/w two clans, Ice Man in Copper Age
-
We still fight over valuable resources and land to survive
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The Purpose of the State
The security of its own survival
-
Shapes its own foreign policy
National Interest
Army/Navy/Air Force/Cyberspace
National Security
What are the methods and means of ensuring its own survival?
-
Protecting National Interest
Diplomacy/Negotiations to work with other states
1.
Common interest
a.
Conflict
b.
For diplomacy to work both parties need:
If a state takes an action, there will be consequences that would be worst than the benefits of taking
that action
Will not work if there is no wherewithal or history of standing up (other states will not take threats
seriously)
Needs rational opponent to react to threats
Deterrence
2.
Less destruction, but still effective
Closer to war
Ensure strategic aims without major loss of life
Limited Application of Force
3.
Waging war
War means "annihilation" to have opponent carry out your demands and enforce your foreign policy
War can never be 100% guaranteed to have goals achieved
Full Military Force
4.
Strategy
Has to match the state's goals
-
If not right strategy, despite being militarily strong, it will be a disaster
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Geography
Political goals
Diplomacy
Cultural
Economic
Ideology
Religion
Strategy must factor in
-
DO NOT BE IGNORANT of these factors
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Mutual Annihilation
As we enter nuclear era, how do you win a nuclear war?
-
To ensure the survival of the state and control the threat of war
On Statecraft and Strategy
Thursday, September 15, 2011
1:59 AM
Introduction, Westphalia and Louis XIV Page 1
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