Class Notes (1,000,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSG (50,000)
HIS (3,000)
HIS103Y1 (400)
Lecture 24

HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Turno, Quintuple Alliance, Holy Alliance


Department
History
Course Code
HIS103Y1
Professor
Denis Smyth
Lecture
24

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
CongressofVienna&TheCongressSystem
● CongressofViennawasthemeetingwhichformedaninternationalorder
○ Suchafeatwasunprecedented,asnogroupofnationseverdidsobefore
● CarlvonClausewitz,reflectingpreVienna:“…oncebarrierswhichinasenseconsistonlyina
man’signoranceofwhatispossiblearetorndown,theyarenotsoeasilysetupagain”(“On
War”)
● PreVienna,asinglepowerhadthepotentialtodrasticallyupsetinternationalpower
● Inthelongtermandinretrospect,theCongressofVienna’saccomplishmentswere
respectable;warwasavertedforacentury
● AparticularaspectofViennawasthesuppressionoftheItaliancitystateof
● Castlereagh:“TheCongressofViennawasnotassembledforthediscussionofmoral
principles,rather,itwasassembledforgreatpracticalpurposes…toestablisheffectual
provisionsforthegeneralsecurity”
● CastlereaghcouldbeconsideredthefounderoftheCongressofVienna
● InsecretarticlesoftheViennaSettlement(particularlytheFirstTreatyofParis,30/5/1814),
therewerestatementsregardingconductoforderfora‘realandpermanentbalanceofpowerin
Europe’
○ FirstTreatyofParisconcernedtheratificationofFrance’sdefeat
● CongressofViennawouldonceagainconfrontNapoleononceheescapedhisexileand
reacquiredpoliticalpower
○ Inresponse,theSecondTreatyofParis(20/11/1815)wasratified,withharsherconditions
(althoughnotasharshasenvisioned)
○ Quadrupleallianceisreestablishedandredefinedaswell
■ Theallianceforcedpowerstocommittoadefenceofalliancemembersthroughcollective
action
■ Secondly,itwasacommitmenttoprotectdeliberationsfromtheCongressofVienna
■ Finally,itmadeamilitarycommitmentforallpowerstoaddressanyresurgenceofFrench
power
● Essentially,theCongressofVienna’sreformoftheQuadrupleAlliancewastoensurethatallof
Europe’sgreatpowershadtofighttomaintaintheresultantbalanceofpower
● PolishSaxonquestion:Russiawantedashareofspoils(territorialaward)bymakinga
monarchyfromthereconstitutedPolishstate
○ SuchasystemwasadualmonarchywhichearnedtheireofBritain
■ BritishlearnthatRussianmadeadealwithPrussiathatwouldensurethatRussiawouldget
PolandinexchangeforSaxony
● France,whileitwasnotamemberoftheCommitteeofFour,itwasentitledtorepresentation
○ 12/12/1814:TheFrenchrepresentative,Talleyrand,wrotetoMetternichregardingthe
importanceofthebalanceofpowerandtheneedtoresistconfrontingtheRussianPrussian
dealings
○ Metternichrealizedthedangersofignoringthis
■ PrussiawouldbeenabledtoreconstituteAustria
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version