The Nine Years War
France- rest of Europe , Japanese Pearl Habour attack was successful military in the
short one, but was catastrophically foolish in the long run as it severely drained her
resources in the war, with the addition of USA
France act was seen as more than a defensive act to the other European state. To them,
it was an open ended military campaign on the expense of Louis XIV neighbours.
France, who was faced with the force of collaboration of German States and
consciousness of nationality in German states, was a downfall of them.
Winter 1688 embarked on a devastating attack of Palatinate to limit their use to
Germans in the future.
France aggression was a perfect opportunity was a perfect platform for William III to
embark on his political propaganda to unite the rest of the Europe against France.
November 1688, William III was offered the throne of England Scotland and Ireland,
at the expense of James II when he married Mary, the daughter of James.
With his new found power, he was better equipped to rally the nations of Europe
12th may 1689, Dutch and Austrian concluded an alliance to roll back France’s
frontier to that of Westphalia, England joined this alliance in June 1689, Spain and
Savoy joined in June 1690, Sweden and other smaller countries joined at a later date
Wage war with all their resources, and not to make peace separately with France
The Spanish Netherlands was the main theatre of war. Spain wasn’t equipped to fight
the war in Spanish Netherlands due to the lack of resources there. Before the war
started, Dutch went in to help out the Spanish troops to bolster the defence of Spanish
Netherlands, with the Dutch wanting to make this area as a platform to attack France
in the future.
In the height of the war, France had about 400,000 troops. With this amount of troops,
France was able to hold her ground against the rest of the continent.
Once France diverted her forces to Spanish Netherlands, they were a force to be
France also had another theatre of war to contend with.
The Anti-France coalition was able to match the France firepower and military
England was one of Europe greatest power and the first world’s superpower