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Lecture

Napoleon4.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIS103Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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For the first time admitted a military defeat but blamed it on the weather
Political consequences:
-General York’s task to defend the flanks of communication of the Grand Armee
-Prussian general left the door open to Prussia
-Huge development
Once Prussia gets ready for war, they would declare war vs Napoleon by joining Russia to free Euroope
from French influence and Napoleonic control.
Napoleon wanted to crush this 4th coalition, - the sooner tackle R and P, the better
-If he allows them to challenge, then the rest of the continent would join and rise up vs. his empire
-He managed to score 2 major victories in Saxony
-Yet these victories did not ensure strategy is to annihilate them, he did not wipe them out so they
would be ready for another campaign
-In both these battles, Napoleon lost more soldiers, so they had to accepted a truce
After 15 years of war making Europe, they proposed a diplomatic solution in Austria, met in Prague in
early June 1813 Napoleon wants to resort to military, no need...but now needed time to recuperate
4 weeks negotiation and no result
French was at war for 22 years at this point,
Most important defeat for French at battle of Victoria, no more control in Spain and boot out Joseph
and!!!! Opened the door to an invasion of France
Allies met secretly behind the back of Napoleon, included A, R and P
Agreements for napoleon to regain his gains, have to agree to free Poland (Batavian rep) to reestablish a
kingdom, give up dutch of worslaw, what he took from Austria and Prussia, allow Prussia to regain
former position of power,
Only then would there be a peace, if reject, A joins anti-N
Essence of this convention bilateral treaty between Britain and Prussia and Britain and russia
backbone of 4th coaltion
Response dismemberment of my empire, out of question, if Austria remains neutral, I may give
up…Napoleon mistake cuz Austria was given more offers by the coalition
Hostilities renewed, rejected diplomacy and made the biggest mistake of his life
The original offered gains for France but unwilling
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