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Lecture

sept 21


Department
History
Course Code
HIS241H1
Professor
Dana Philpott

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September 21
primary legacy of FR
oslogan: liberty, equality and brotherhood
ooffering Fr people new society, structure and future
oabolishment of feudalism
odeclaration of rights and man
oin the first times in the eyes of the law, everyone was equal
ointernational impact:
by offering assistant to all subjugated people, the Revolution was exported out of
Fr and into Europe threatening the existence of any single monarchy
Napoleon emerged from Rev
oshort, punitive man
omade up with ambition and egomania
Napoleonic era in Fr and Europe seen as continuation of Rev [3rd stage
oNov 9, 1789 – he declared this
clergy and nobility didnt really participate in creating the new constitution majority created by
3rd estate
Nap oleo n b orn in Corsic a
onation that did nt re ally like to b elo n g to Fr an d wanted to b e an ind epen d ent state
oseparati st mo v ement in Corsic a to this d ay that wants to separate from Franc e
N re aliz e d that Corsic a wo uld nt b e able to bre a k away re aliz e d fate lies in Fr
N disting uished himself e a rly o n in Toulo n h u g e milit ary as s et saved it from b eing taken o
by British
be c a me instant c elebrity in Paris
in 1 7saved revolution by firing c a n o n s into crowd that d emo n strated cle a rly su p p ort for Re
revolutio nists did nt like N as h e was such a p o p ular figure d e cided to sen d him away [to It
to fig h t for Rev
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ignored orders from Paris and created a new political entity of his own in northern Italy
oshowed to revolutionaries back in Paris that he was a loose canon
send him to Africa to control the Br
oarmy trapped there most died of disease and starvation
N survived and arrived back in Paris in 1779 at the time when the Directory was threatened
used N to force National Assembly to agree to a new political order [consulate], a executive
branch
gave N power with the intention hed relinquish it after
oN had no such ideas
took only a short time for N to declare himself First Consul for life
odeclared self emperor and pretty much created a dictatorship running foreign and
domestic policy on his own [though he had a governmen t which would decide on iss
the way N saw fit]
Liberty
o2nd article of new constitution declared freedom of speech and thought as one of the most
important tenants of the new state [barring there was no abuse of this freedom could be
sued and penalized by law but in general allowed individuals to express their own
opinion]
oN initially was okay with this- however after he started military campaigns he became a
constant target for criticism [went their on own ambitions how can we trust him?]
odecided to curb free press [84 papers]
owithin a few years, only 4 remained and even these 4 always had to submit articles that
made political statements to consultation with N
oFr reorganized after Rev 83 departments created initially
purpose initially to break up old feudal structure of Fr modernized the state
N left this in tact but to each department he appointed a head [prefect] which
gave him full control of every department [prefects had more power than any
individual had before Rev had absolute power]
centralized control over entire Fr state
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