14 Dec 2010
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October 5
๎€by and large, the roots of the revolts was based on liberalism and nationalism or the combination
of the two
๎€purpose of Congress of Vienna: to uphold old order
๎€Greek revolt ๎€ Br fear: if they didnโ€™t get involved, the Russians would dominate the Balkans
oFr would not stay behind and got involved
oresult: defeat of Ottoman empire and sinking of their fleet
๎€otherwise, Itali an, Sp and Portuguese revolt s d efe a ted
๎€demo n strated, h owever, o n e important thin g : ide al of liberalism an d n ation alism co uld nโ€™t b e
defe a ted n o mat t er what effort the Gre a t Powers p u t in
othe ideology co uld nโ€™t b e co ntained
๎€a d e c a de after, a n ew wave of revolutio n s swept throu g h o ut Europ e
on o t, like the previo u s revolts, o n the o u tskirts of Europ e b u t in its h e art
๎€cre a tio n of Holy Allianc e an d Quadru ple Allianc e was n o t en o u g h to q u ell the p eo ple who wa
a representative g o v ernment
The Revolutio n s of 18 3 0
Franc e
๎€new revolutio n in Fr that disru p ts existing Euro p e a n order โ€œWhen Franc e sne e z e s, the rest of
Europ e c a tches coldโ€
๎€Re a c tio n and Repres sion
๎€Jesuit Co n gregatio n
๎€Chevaliers d e la Foi
oknig h ts of fire established in 1 8 1 0
oultra ultras (extreme rig h t)
og o al: re-establish absolutist mo n archy of pre-r evolution ti mes
๎€‚rest of population wanted a mid dle road
๎€Charles X (Rheims)
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ono intention to follow footsteps of older brother, for several reasons
๎€‚felt strongly that his older brother undermined and betrayed the real cause of t
bourbon monarchy, betrayed principles of absolutism and betrayed interests o
Church
obasically wanted to go back to the old ways ๎€ never ut tered word โ€˜absolute monarchyโ€™
but in his actions, the intention was always there
๎€‚evident in his own coronation: 5 hour ceremony with whole religious regalia
[af ter FR, percentage of those who attended Church dropped drastically]
โ€ขcompounding situation: Charles felt close to Jesuits [many despised
them because of their desire for power therefore close relationship with
Charles antagonized people even more]
o18 21 โ€“ secondary school education given to Church, 1824 added primary education
ofirst act when he came to the throne was declaring sacrilege and blasphemy was
punishable by death
๎€‚didnโ€™t please anyone in France
๎€‚a demonstration of his commitment to the Fr Church, but it pleased only t he
bigots
olate 1820s: sick and tired of playing the middle road, trying to placate t he left and the
liberals, Charles decided to replace Martignac (one of his --) by nominating 3 of the
lowest individuals in politics (Polignac, Bourmont, la Bourdonnaye )
๎€‚Polignac โ€“ prime minister
๎€‚Bourmon t โ€“ betrayed Napoleon in the last Revolutionary battle [switched sides
and became enemy of Fr]; put head of domestic affairs
๎€‚la Bourdonnaye - carried out White Terror
oelectiosn of 1830, summer (July)
๎€‚fear, especially propaganda put out by liberals, managed to galvanize public โ€“
won 224 seats of royal chamber, loyalist only 17 0
โ€ขdefeated in elections
โ€ขstill Charles wants more โ€“ stupid
oJuly 18--- 4 ordinances
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