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Published on 14 Dec 2010
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS241H1
Professor
October 5
by and large, the roots of the revolts was based on liberalism and nationalism or the combination
of the two
purpose of Congress of Vienna: to uphold old order
Greek revolt Br fear: if they didnt get involved, the Russians would dominate the Balkans
oFr would not stay behind and got involved
oresult: defeat of Ottoman empire and sinking of their fleet
otherwise, Itali an, Sp and Portuguese revolt s d efe a ted
demo n strated, h owever, o n e important thin g : ide al of liberalism an d n ation alism co uld nt b e
defe a ted n o mat t er what effort the Gre a t Powers p u t in
othe ideology co uld nt b e co ntained
a d e c a de after, a n ew wave of revolutio n s swept throu g h o ut Europ e
on o t, like the previo u s revolts, o n the o u tskirts of Europ e b u t in its h e art
cre a tio n of Holy Allianc e an d Quadru ple Allianc e was n o t en o u g h to q u ell the p eo ple who wa
a representative g o v ernment
The Revolutio n s of 18 3 0
Franc e
new revolutio n in Fr that disru p ts existing Euro p e a n order When Franc e sne e z e s, the rest of
Europ e c a tches cold
Re a c tio n and Repres sion
Jesuit Co n gregatio n
Chevaliers d e la Foi
oknig h ts of fire established in 1 8 1 0
oultra ultras (extreme rig h t)
og o al: re-establish absolutist mo n archy of pre-r evolution ti mes
rest of population wanted a mid dle road
Charles X (Rheims)
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ono intention to follow footsteps of older brother, for several reasons
felt strongly that his older brother undermined and betrayed the real cause of t
bourbon monarchy, betrayed principles of absolutism and betrayed interests o
Church
obasically wanted to go back to the old ways never ut tered word absolute monarchy
but in his actions, the intention was always there
evident in his own coronation: 5 hour ceremony with whole religious regalia
[af ter FR, percentage of those who attended Church dropped drastically]
compounding situation: Charles felt close to Jesuits [many despised
them because of their desire for power therefore close relationship with
Charles antagonized people even more]
o18 21 secondary school education given to Church, 1824 added primary education
ofirst act when he came to the throne was declaring sacrilege and blasphemy was
punishable by death
didnt please anyone in France
a demonstration of his commitment to the Fr Church, but it pleased only t he
bigots
olate 1820s: sick and tired of playing the middle road, trying to placate t he left and the
liberals, Charles decided to replace Martignac (one of his --) by nominating 3 of the
lowest individuals in politics (Polignac, Bourmont, la Bourdonnaye )
Polignac prime minister
Bourmon t betrayed Napoleon in the last Revolutionary battle [switched sides
and became enemy of Fr]; put head of domestic affairs
la Bourdonnaye - carried out White Terror
oelectiosn of 1830, summer (July)
fear, especially propaganda put out by liberals, managed to galvanize public
won 224 seats of royal chamber, loyalist only 17 0
defeated in elections
still Charles wants more stupid
oJuly 18--- 4 ordinances
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