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Lecture

HIS241 - November 1 - Restoration.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIS241H1
Professor
Anthony Cantor

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HIS241 November 1 Kristen Young
Restoration
How was the restoration challenged and how did the powers respond?
Attempts to preserve the status quo was longer in Britain, France and others in that
general area and there were massive changes
In other places the restoration lasted until 1848 and had economic and social changes,
there weren't apparent changes in politics
Britain
Becomes an interesting example because there wasn't a revolution in 1848
But there were successful social and political protests that had serious effects on the
structure of society
1815 - 1830 = era of tory rule
o Tories vs. Whigs in post French revolution Britain
1811 + George 4th was ruling even though his father was technically still king when he
started but he was regent because his father was insane
Landed elites dominated both political parties, non titled
The tories sympathised with Burke and conservatism
o Inherited wisdom and slow and organic change
The whigs had support from the newer moneied classes
o Gradual change
There was an economic downturn that the government was retarded about fixing
o Passed the Corn Law, a protective tariff that prohibited the import of foreign grain
until British grain's price rose
o Rose the price of wheat products for the consumer but farmers could be sure that
they wouldn't be out sold by cheaper foreign grain
No one was for the working classes cause
o Radical activists concerned themselves with the working class
o Attacked abuses but focused on reforming the election process
1817 - passed a series of measures that would crack down on the stirrings of revolution
Peterloo Massacre, August 1819
o There was a process, the military came in and 'dispersed' them
There was the passing of the "Six Acts" in 1819
1. Unlawful Drilling Act
Was about military training
2. Seizure of Arms Act
3. Misdemeanours Act
4. Seditious Meetings Prevention Act
5. Blasphemous and Seditious Libels Act
6. Newspaper and Stamp Duties Act
3 months after the passing of the acts, the gov't uncovered a radical plot to establish a
provisional gov't
Creation of the police force and reduction of the criminal code decreased the amount of
crime that was present in Britain
France
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