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Lecture

HIS241 - November 10 - 1848.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIS241H1
Professor
Anthony Cantor

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HIS241 November 10 Kristen Young
1848
Left off with revolt and discontent under the July Monarchy
How does the supposedly reformed French monarchy fall to its own revolt within 20
years?
There were periodic outbreaks of discontent about the monarchy under Louis Philippe
(was known as 'The Pear')
There was disrespect for the monarch that was widespread and the government tried to
crack down on it but they weren't very successful
o They used the assassination attempts to crack down on freedom of the press
because the media supposedly egged on the people who tried to bring down the
monarch
There was no proletariat but the expansion of industry led to the rise of an urban working
class for the first time in Franace and the government weren't good at keeping up and
trying to satisfy this growing class within society
1831 - 34 there were little but significant revolts in the working class
o Worked against the liberals
o Felt that France needed to return to the revolution ideals
o The republicans and the new working class came together in order to bring back the
revolution
Allied with each other against the July Monarchy even though they had
different beliefs
The September Laws
o Censorship of the press and speedy trials for anyone who was accused of
insurrection
o This was the government's response and this was how it shot itself in the foot
because they spurred more discontent
The discontent ended in the 1848 revolution
o Brought an end to the collaboration of the republicans and the working class
Failures of the July Monarchy
o Much of the failures have to do with Francois Guizot who was Foreign Minister
(1840 - 48) and Prime Minister (1847 - 48) but was really influential in government
either way
o He put up a brick wall in terms of regulation and reform because he didn't want it
o Liberal reformers felt that they had to turn to extra-governmental means
Didn't want to go through the parliamentary process because with people like
Guizot none of their bills would go anywhere
o Had banquets that were influential to providing a place for coherent mentality to
come about
1848 showed that the Monarchy wasn't good enough at keeping up with the demands of
its society
The revolution is an international phenomenon, it was continent wide
January 1848 the people of Polarmo revolted against their leader
o Was the very first revolt that lead to like 50 others
These chain of revolts destabalized the continental powers
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