February 2.doc

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17 Apr 2012
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February 2, 2012
States and Societies in the 1920s: the Return of Normalcy?
- Thomas Mazerick, Czech nationalist
- Czech parliament has real governing power
- Members of parliament elected based on universal suffrage
- President is elected by the people, he appoints people in the cabinet
- Democratic system with a separation of powers, a constitution and a legislation
- Hidenburg, becomes president of Weimar republic
- Article 48 has to do with the emergency power of the president, in a state of
emergency the president has a number of emergency powers, used a number of
times and also used by Hitler in his seizure of power to get rid of the Weimar
constitution
- This time is a time of great experimentation that the war is now over and the only
way it would have meaning if a new kind of society was created
- Nazi party cross between political club and a militia, they give talks that are open to
the public
- Founding of the Nazi party is very small at first, one of many small club like parties
- In 1922 they carried out their highest political assassination of the most prominent
businessman in germany, head of the electric company, runs the war economy, first
german jew to hold a ministry position when appointed as foreign secretary, is also
homosexual, symbol of all the things the nazi hate
- His murder is very public for everyone to see and deeply shocks germany, new law
is passed for the protection of the public to protect political figures, but is never
actually enforced
- In the aftermath, political crimes increase
- In 1923 a journalist publishes a pamphlet called 4 years of political murder , wants
it to be read by conservative judges, the far right and far left and murdering political
figures
- Weimar republic suffering from a faltering economy that goes into complete
meltdown in 1923, inflation had been growing since 1914, by 1918 when the war is
over german currency has lost half its value
- German government defaults in dec 1922
- German currency collapses in 1923
- Effects of this are devastating
- October 1923 communists planned a national bolshevist uprising Thaelamann, lasts
6o hours, one month later Hitler launches his march on Munich, Hitler over throws
Weimar republic on nov 9th, plan an armed takeover of Munich
- Model for Hitler is Mussolini
- The army units had declared their disloyalty to the Weimar government
- Hitler marches on Munich with is brownshirts, dcalres that he and ludendorf are the
new government of germany, then is arrested and imprisoned, sentenced to 5 years
and sevres only 1, has national visibility now, creates a manifesto of his ideas
(Mein Kampf), has new strategy for how the Nazis will take power
- Abandons an armed take over of the state, he realized you had to take over thr state
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