The marshall plan and the division of europe (1945-1948) The four zones and the allied control council. The international military tribunal (imt) at nuremberg, 1945-1946. Tensions between us/great britain and the soviet union. Us secretary of state george marshall"s commencement speech at harvard university, Wwii, deadliest armed conflict known to mankind. Soviet union -> 27 million died in the conflict, approximately 10% of population. Poland -> 6 million poles dead; 300 000 soldiers, but 5. 8 million civilians (half of which were. Yugoslavia -> approximately 1. 5 million dead; about 1 million civilians. 70 million combatants fought in wwii, 17 million of these combatants were killed: 1:22 from soviet union, 1:25 from germany, 1:50 from britain, 1:500 from america. April 30, 1945 -> hitler commits suicide in his bunker, his troops surrender a week later. Combined strength of armies of the soviet union and america had won the war. Cold war what gave post-war europe its structure: possibly the entire world.