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Lecture

Sept 22 Lecture Notes


Department
History
Course Code
HIS243H1
Professor
Nicholas Terpstra

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Thursday, Sept 22, 201
Life Cycle
a) Birth, childhood, adolescence
b) Women & marriage
c) Maturity & old age
Birth, childhood, adolescence
By age 15 half population of people this age would be dead
People generated huge amounts of children but many did not survive due to birth
process, gastrinal intestinal disease, malnutrition, etc
o1/5 women died due to childbirth
those that survive:
omiddle class children would be nursed by other women since a nursing
woman is less likely to conceive
children up to age 6 were not obligated to do or learn anything
schooling/apprenticeships began @ age 6
lower classes worked, higher classes schooled, middle class children did a combo
of the 2
low classes would work in service/labour
most common job for a child was servant
1427 – the Castasto- Florence : talked about size, age, etc (kind of consensus)
oalmost 1/2 male servants were children, 1/3 of female servants were
children
Apprenticeship – skilled craft such as: baking, tailor, shoemaker, etc
o2 part training series:
Apprentice- age 6-15
Journeyman- 15-20s
Master- mid 20s
oIf you were on the apprentice track you would not get married until you
were a master [you were also not considered an adult until you were
married in most parts of Europe]
Education- needs based
oSkills driven: reading, writing, commercial math (languages)
oIn your adolescence you make connections for future so you would go live
with other people
Networks
oBased on family/kin
Blood family &
social/symbolic kin [guilds, unions, fraternities, confraternities]
Support each other, you have to be there for these ppl like
you would your blood relatives
They are your social safety net ( acting as insurance,
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