HIS243H1 Lecture Notes - Habsburg Monarchy

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Published on 11 Sep 2013
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS243H1
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of 2
HIS243 H Lec. 10
Holy Roman Empire
City of Florence merges into the duchy of Tuscany
Holy Roman Empire a loose confederation of German states under one emperor
not really an empire emerged in 800 and goes (tries to, anyway) to Rome of
antiquity
Contestation of power there is power associated with Holy Roman Emperor, so
people want to elected to the position elect and serve till the end of your life
Key period for Holy Roman Empire in the Renaissance Napoleon ends the Holy
Roman Empire and only fragments carry on late 15th c. to early 17th c.
The Empire exists for about 100 years
Origins and constitution - Hapsburg Dominance, decline of the Holy Roman Empire
(?)
Origins: loose federation with elected emperor; elected by people selected from the
Golden Bull (1356) seven electors; three were religious figures, four were state
rulers
o Religious figures were Archbishop of Mainz, Cologne, Trier
o State rulers were from Palatinate, Bohemia, Brandenburg, Saxony
Had to be someone who was selected ruler; could be from anywhere
Had a representative assembly (diet) had three “houses” – represented electors,
major rulers and cities
o Meet every two years and travel around
Imperial supreme court (Cameral Tribunal) 1532 responsible for imperial law
code
Particularism federation of particular (individual states) these states maintain
their sovereignty not loyal to the Empire as a whole (in the Hapsburg empire, too)
Hapsburgs mid 15th c., modern-day Austria and Hungary
o Frederick I does nothing Maximilian I (1493-1519) picks up on these habits
of doing nothing their strategy of expansion is based upon marriage
o Maximilian marries Mary of Burgandy (possibly the next most powerful state
in Central West Europe) Maximilian takes over Burgandy and Flanders
(Burgandy territory) their son, Philip, “the Handsome” weds the princess of
Spain, Juana “the mad”
o They gain Spain and Naples Philip’s son, Charles stands to inherit a lot
because both his parents die before his grandfather
o 1515-1519, Charles doesn’t have to do anything, and gains all this territory
o At 18 y.o., he becomes powerful controls 4 different inheritances as his own
personal lands
o When Maximilian dies, there is opposition to Charles becoming Holy Roman
Emperor
o The French oppose, because they are the most threatened (surrounded by
Charles’ territory); other ruling houses oppose; pope, Italian city states,
British, Dutch, the Turks
o On election of 1519, Charles is elected as Holy Roman Emperor; signs an
agreement that he forgoes to be strong centralizing empire Charles is at
war almost constantly
HIS243 H Lec. 10
o He abdicates in 1558
o The Reformation emerges at this time and he becomes a catalyst for
problems for the Holy Roman Empire.

Document Summary

City of florence merges into the duchy of tuscany. Holy roman empire a loose confederation of german states under one emperor not really an empire emerged in 800 and goes (tries to, anyway) to rome of antiquity. Contestation of power there is power associated with holy roman emperor, so people want to elected to the position elect and serve till the end of your life. Key period for holy roman empire in the renaissance napoleon ends the holy. Roman empire and only fragments carry on late 15th c. to early 17th c. The empire exists for about 100 years. Origins and constitution - hapsburg dominance, decline of the holy roman empire. Origins: loose federation with elected emperor; elected by people selected from the. Golden bull (1356) seven electors; three were religious figures, four were state rulers: religious figures were archbishop of mainz, cologne, trier, state rulers were from palatinate, bohemia, brandenburg, saxony.