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Social Structure in Europe

Course Code
Nicholas Terpstra

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Early Modern Europe Sept 21st 2010
Social Structure in Early Modern Europe
2. Urban Life: City + Neighborhood
Bologna; early modern people had a number of towers spaced within their city,
which became the symbol for their city
- composed of church towers and family towers from the middle ages which
established the pride, location, and defense of a family symbolic and protective)
^- when cities start changing their methods and try to curb the power of individual
families, they often forced families to cut towers down, or did it for them
- campanilismo - tower pride
Sienna - competition between state and church reflected in each building large towers
Hantwerpen (Antwerp) - large cathedral tower, extreme point of city pride.
Note, where their towers were most often associate with churches, ours are now
associated with banks.
Divine Comedy - "Sienna made me" - reflects association that your city determines
all sorts of factors in your life, and your person, creating huge attachment to their cities.
most of Europe is rural, forest, with cities like beacons within.
often cities games, and shared foods, community. People would decorate maps of
their cities on their wall - mapmaking of cities becoming extremely popular.
Also, where we now have cities divides into zones, early modern cities were more
mish mash (aside from a market and city square)
Wealthy who are building their mansions are not building them outside the walls but
in the center of town.
Bologna; Urban geographical split between the various walls of the city - rich towards
the center, poor outwards towards the outer walls. - more walls around you is more
religious shrines are appears on and inside the walls around the 15th century; shrines
established where there was a miracle - the idea of shrines on the walls facing in reflects
an idea of being protected within.
Bologna main square; city hall (built like a fortress), civic church (church the city
council pays for, slightly distanced from Rome), banks, main hospital, justice building,
and notaries. <- notice this is a place where everything happens, where all of the various
systems/organization are run from.
City Square was a neutral space, and a common space to all, but also the space that
must be captured if you wish to take over the city (various urban upheavals)
Dynamic within those living in cities; loyalty to both your quarter and to the city
overall (however intense competition between quarters, often think yours is the best and
the rest are trash) - these forces both push people together and force them apart.
Ex. of the above from the city of Venice - made up of 60 or 70 individual islands. One
of the largest cities in Europe at this time, especially for trade. Not divided into quarters
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