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14 Dec 2010
Social Structure in Early Modern Europe
11:06 AM
1.Looking at cultural developments in Italy also economy in Florence and roman
empire and nation state in France, then religious developments and also the north
Atlantic economies
2.At the time Ottoman Empire has control over the Byzantine empire
Social Structure in Early Modern Europe
1.Population and Settlement
1.There were progressive periods of expansion like in Italy that built set of walls in
high middle ages in the 12 - 14 hundreds,
oEx area of Bolognia where thee was the old city in the middle with a square
roman pattern then expand by the 14th century expands its walls around the old
oFlorence is the same with walls built in 1173 - 75 then second walls built in
1284 - 1333 cities felt they had to do this for protection
oAntwerp was somewhat different since it is a much later city and is in
modern day Belgium, the old city was around the cathedral without walls and
then by the 16th century they built their walls
2.Theses cities were tightly packed so that meant that they were not organised in
sanitation, building, ( you would smell them before you saw them)
3.They had laws of how high the piles of human waste could be before it would be to
4.Expansion continues till the 14th century until the black death/bubonic plague in
1348 the loss of population is usually from 35 - 50 - 75% it starts in Italy and spreads
all the way to Scotland in 1339
5.And plagues occur almost every decade so there is constant need of trying to get
used to adjusting to the population change
6.So there is a constant demand for food supply and population
7.Europe had 75 mill then after plague about 50 mill and many cities took about 150
years to recover after it
8.Settlements usually settle around the Mediterranean and half lives in the south in
1600 so by the 1700 the northern section of Europe is expanding and increasingly
focusing on the Atlantic and the key centres of trade
oSo city of Venice was the city of trade in 1600 and then Amsterdam in the
9.Very few people lived in cities usually 10 % of the population of the country
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