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CA (538,249)
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HIS243H1 (92)
Lecture

Printing

2 Pages
76 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS243H1
Professor
Nicholas Terpstra

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Thursday October 7 2010
Invention of Printing
Major Themes
How was it invented?
Books, audiences and printers
Cultural consequences
How
Began approx. 1450- in Mainz
Johannes Gutonburg (1395-1468)- printing with movable metal type blocks
Before Books
Manuscripts were written by hand- slower
Job of monks to write either for work or devotion
Monk got manuscript by finding an owner then contacting and borrowing a copy
This set a model for other books to be produced
Book sellers sped up process- model similar to university classroom
oProf. would read text and students write word for word at the end of the course you have a
text book
oOral transmission: 1 reader to 10 writters
**whole population could read and books were very expensive**
Ideas/ manuscripts spread slowly- pr inting revolutionized this
3things to happen
Development of: 1. Type- block printing- wooden blocks carved reverse with ink and press paper
Man y p ages c a n b e p rinted
Es s ent i al l y for p ics o f saints o r artwork
From china so i t was v ery ex p ensive and t i me co n suming to c a rve,
the ink wo u ld also ruin the b lock- n o t g o o d
The wood en b lock were tried wi t h wh o le words an d in d ivid u al
let t ers
*solved the p ro b lem*- metal b locks were es s ent i al- wo u ld n t ruin
Gutemb u rg trained wi t h metal so h e h ad a g o o d b a c k g ro u n d
2 . Ink- ink was water b ased an d therefore wo u ld n t stay o n metal- they n e e ded
an ink that wo u ld stay
- they u sed p aint- g rin d p aint p igment and mix wi t h egg whi t e which was
used b y p ainters then
- the egg whi t e was then chan g ed to o i l
3 . Paper - n e e ded to fin d / cre a te p aper b e c a use b efore man u scripts were wri t t e
parchment o r b el l um (animal skin)
- man u scripts cost was ex p ensive b e c a use they h ad to slau g h ter she e p f
skin which was u n re a l i st i c
- Euro p e a n p aper was made f r om rags shred d ed , p u lp fibre an d thre a d
then mixed wi t h water, spre a d the mush an d let water d ry o u t, sq u e e z e an d
compres s the p aper fibres to g ether and the p aper d rys more
- the cost savin g s was 1 /6 the cost o f b efore
-ther f ore b o o k s were p ro d u c e d q u icker, che a per an d re a di l y
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Description
Thursday October 7 2010 Invention of Printing Major Themes How was it invented? Books, audiences and printers Cultural consequences How Began approx. 1450- in Mainz Johannes Gutonburg (1395-1468)- printing with movable metal type blocks Before Books Manuscripts were written by hand- slower Job of monks to write either for work or devotion Monk got manuscript by finding an owner then contacting and borrowing a copy This set a model for other books to be produced Book sellers sped up process- model similar to university classroom o Prof. would read text and students write word for word at the end of the course you have a text book o Oral transmission: 1 reader to 10 writters **whole population could read and books were very expensive** Ideas manuscripts spread slowly- printing revolutionized this 3things to happen Development of: 1. Type- block printing- wooden blocks carved reverse with ink and press paper Many pages can be printed Essentially for pics of saints or artwork From china so it was very expensive and time consuming to carve, the ink would also ruin the block- not good The w
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