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Dynasties and Dynamics

Course Code
Nicholas Terpstra

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HIS243 Dynasties and Dynamics Thursday January 14th 2011
Seventeenth-century powers
Decline of Spain
Rise of Sweden
Rise of Netherlands
Rise of France
Rise of England (Britain)
Emergence of Austria-Russia
Decline of Sweden
Decline of Sweden
Decline of Netherlands
Rise of Prussia
Divisions in Europe: Religion and Dynastic
Nation-states in the way we think of them today, dont yet exist
Major powers: Spain (divided, however), HRE (controlled by the Habsburgs)
Religious Protestant vs. Catholics
Different kinds of Protestants and Catholics
Netherlands (Protestant)
German states North (Protestant) and South (Catholic)
Spain (Catholic)
France (Catholic)
Sweden (Protestant)
Austria (Catholic)
England (Protestant/Anglican)
Scotland (Protestant in the South and Catholic in the North)

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HIS243 Dynasties and Dynamics Thursday January 14
th 2011
In 1648, the end of the Wars of Religion
Habsburgs - Spanish and Austrian thrones
Charles V controlled a vast territory
He splits up his lands in 1519 between two successors, one getting Spanish
territory and the other getting the Eastern territories
Bourbons French and Spanish (by the end of the lecture) thrones
Along with dynasty, commerce was another source of tension between the dynasties
France and Britain dont make peace at the end of the 30 years war
Britain didnt sign the peace of Westphalia, continued fighting
Dutch Republic emerges
The Peace of Westphalia (1648)
End of the Wars of Religion
End of the use of Religion as an excuse for war
Treaties of Munster and Osnabruck
The Thirty Years War officially ended in 1648 with the Peace of Westphalia
The treaties recognized the sovereignty of the 300+ Germany princes
The treaties disallowed papal meddling in German religious affairs
The treaties upheld the Peace of Augsburg, added Calvinism to the list of religions
allowed in German states and nullified the Edict of Restitution
Balance of Power
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