Absolutism

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Published on 13 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
HIS244 AbsolutismTuesday February 1st 2011
Lecture outline
Classic model of Absolutism
Government of France
The myth of Absolutism
The glorification of the monarch
Key concepts and terms
Revisionist
Teleological
Whig
Anachronistic
Court
Factionalism (court factions)
Propaganda
Patronage
Regionalism
Classic Model
Focus on increased centralization
Large standing armies
Established churches, state religion
Self-sufficient economy
Glorification of the monarch
Louis XIV epitomizes this model
He subverted the old nobles by his system of attendance
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HIS244 AbsolutismTuesday February 1st 2011
What makes the 17th century special is not just the rise of absolutism but the sheer
cost of wars
A lot of underage monarchs, ripe conditions for nobles to grab power
So, there are weaker monarchs during this time
Government of France
Mazarin
Regency
Council of State
Fronde (1648-53)
Parlements
Intendants
Estates-General
Nobles of the sword
Nobles of the robe
Still a lot of regional diversity and power centres
However, not completely divorced from national power
1648, Louis XIV, regency council in place (Anne of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin)
1651 at 13 years old, Louis declares his sovereignty
Parlements: courts, has both judicial and parliamentary functions
Intendants were there to watch over judicial and tax collecting officers to make sure
they were doing their job properly
In the late phase of the Thirty Years War, the war costs were through the roof,
Mazarin created new posts to sell off, increased taxes, Council of State to impose a
new set of taxes on Paris
Selling off posts and offices lowered the value of the titles
www.notesolution.com
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