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Lecture

Dutch Republic


Department
History
Course Code
HIS244H1
Professor
Nicholas Terpstra

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The Dutch Republic
Dutch Government:
Oligarchy
House of Orange power of patronage
States general sovereignty resided with the states general.
Stadholder House of Orange was the stadholder of Holland there
were 7 in the Dutch state and they were princes. Commander in chief
of the army
Regionalism/parochialism
Republicanism/monarchy
Burghers did all they could to stop the House of Orange from ruling
like a monarchy
Regents of province of Holland provided much of the finance
religious toleration, low taxes, not many foreign alliances, neutral,
small army, huge marine, and Dutch commerce this is the agenda of
Holland and the regents put pressure on the States general to
implement their policies
Grand pensionary decentralized state and stadholder limited the
grand pensionaries ability to have too much power
Members of the states general had to consult with the provinces before
implementing an important decision
Dutch Economy:
Banking empire growth of commercial fishing and shipping.
Independent farmers and commercial crops new crops cabbages,
beans and flower bulbs
Bank of Amsterdam capped the empire
Master engineers, superior seamanship and shipbuilding mastery of
the sea and relied on fishing
Sometime in the 16th century the spawning ground for herring moved
south around the Dutch Republic a fifth of the population lived off
the herring industry
Ship builders a quarter of English fleet were made in Dutch they
ship more and worth more than all of Europe combined
Built quick ships that were good for commercial purposes but also
great for war popular among pirates
Dutch new all about economies of scales cheap transport and
exploited sources of supply (bough all forests in Sweden, mines and
other resources)
Dutch would ship goods for other countries sugar, cotton, tobacco
processed in Dutch town and sold to foreigners
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