HIS244H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Roger Ducos, Unthinkable, Sans-Culottes

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30 Apr 2016
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The directory (1795-99: almost finished, saved by one man: napoleon, he was a young artillery officer. Sans-culottes attack on the national convention (may 1795) Conditions right for the emergence of a strongman. Commissioned into french army at age of 16. Attention at toulon in 1793: promoted at age of 24 rank of brigadier general. Did not think much of aristocratic intentions: was from a humble background, sided with the revolution in france. Napoleon became a social icon and used power to seize control of. Treaty of campo formio (1797: formalized french expansion, six alpine republic, establishment of satellite states, effectively broke up alliance against france, only great britain was still active against post rev france. Napoleon thought it would cement his reputation as a brilliant military commander. To go get rid of british enemies. Napoleon"s adventures in egypt created a new crisis for the directory: A new grand coalition britain, austria, and russia.

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