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Emancipation Lecture

Course Code
Alison Smith

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Lecture 5 (II) Monday, January 24th, 2011
Emancipation Reform
Emancipation of the serfs and the larger affect of it and the political/social consequences
Reform that doesnt go far enough
Peasant society before emancipation
Increase in population
Private serfs were decreasing in proportion of the total peasants
Interest in communal structures
oSeen as very important by both the peasants and those writing about them
oMir = the world, the village community, the peasant community, communal
oSkhod = village assembly, heads of households got together to discuss problems.
Landlord in a serf community could intervene in this skhod
oBut usually when theres so many the landlord doesnt care
oJustice is seen locally
oTax payments are a communal responsibility
oThe way they deal with land
oTiaglo (a) = a measure of labour unit (1 man, 1 woman) this was measured to
see how much land should be allotted to each household
oThis is usually shuffled around depending
oRepartitional and commune
oThey would change the allotments
oIf they tianglo has changed
oThis is seen as an insurance against poverty
oMaking sure people have enough land to survive
oCriticized because if your land could be given to your neighbor and therefore
have less willingness to maintain the land for the next planting season
Soul tax state mandated tax-per male soul
obrok payment in grain or money (but the grain payment faded out)
Barshchina work on lands and the produce goes to the landowner
Obrok north of Russia - because lands were not that good
Otkhod walking away leaving the village to work somewhere else ex. Stone masons,
carpenters need a passport to do this usually go to St. Petersburg or Moscow
State peasants were governed by a ministry
Private serfs were governed by land owners (nobles)
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