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Lecture

From Empire to Independence


Department
History
Course Code
HIS271Y1
Professor
Dr.Liamvan Beek

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HIS271YFrom Empire to IndependenceOctober 6th 2010
The Social, Political, and Economic Roads to Revolution
Population becomes more urban
Beginnings of inter-colonial relationships
Enlightenment and Great Awakening first mass movement across North America
Represented a sense of social questioning
Both stressed the value of individualism
Movement away from older sects: Puritans, Anglicans, etc.
Desire to stabilize an anxious society
Now that the colonies didnt have to focus so much on surviving, they began to
develop socially, culturally, politically, etc.
As the relationship between Britain and the colonies changes, we see a greater
strain
The birth of a consumer culture demonstrated the evolving colonial community
By the early 18th century, a movement towards emphasizing British culture
Colonial art, culture, and intellect are defined by contact with England
This process was facilitated by the emergence of a colonial elite, who acted as the
primary consumers of this British culture
Trade was important to linking the colonies to Britain both economically and
culturally
This consumer culture not only linked colonists with Britain, it linked them with
each other
Much of what the colonies were producing were for exports, which created
relationships between the southern colonies and the northern colonies
Manufactured goods that were created in England and carried to the colonies were
dispersed throughout the colonies in the same way
The consumer revolution touched colonists at all levels of society
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HIS271YFrom Empire to IndependenceOctober 6th 2010
The Social, Political, and Economic Roads to Revolution
Material Culture in the Colonies
With each passing year, colonists were purchasing more and more British imitated
goods
Although it begins with the elite, cheaper reproductions begin to be made and
bought by poorer colonists
These items werent just used by displayed
Entertaining becomes more significant in this period
In this period, there is a move towards egalitarianism
Clothing becomes more ornate
Production of cheaper quality fabric to make these clothes, which means poorer
colonists could buy them as well
People are more interested in a consumer culture (the look of things)
These goods could reach the colonies in various ways
The point: you could buy the same items in the South as the North (people
beginning to look more and more the same)
Set an important standard for the social and cultural identity for the colonists on the
eve of revolution
Consumers, in particular women, were liberated and empowered in their ability to
exercise choice in the marketplace. The ability to consume fostered a sense of
economic power and independence
It is this emergence of a British culture through the consumer revolution that paved
the way for the colonists to become Americanized (set a common ground)
What factors weakened the bonds of empire?
One of the greatest bonds linking empire and colonies was defence
Struggle between Britain and France had profound effects in the colonies
Englands economy grew to be reliant on the colonies and thus had a greater reason
to protect them
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HIS271YFrom Empire to IndependenceOctober 6th 2010
The Social, Political, and Economic Roads to Revolution
King Williams War
1689-1697
Queen Annes War
1702-1713
King Georges War
1744-1748
This war ends ultimately in a stalemate, creating a lasting tension between France
and England as well as the inhabitants of the Americas (colonists and natives)
Significant in defining the colonies place within the British empire
By 1748, the relationship between the Americans, British, and Iroquois would be
impacted
The French and Indian War
SEVEN YEARS WAR
1754-1763
Began in the Ohio River area
The Ohio River valley connected French territory, and this important to them
Important to the English because they wanted to expand westward
Virginia claims part of this territory, but this area was also claimed by the French
Governor of Virginia sends a force lead by Washington to establish their claim
Virginians fire shots, and the conflict begins
French follow Washington to Fort Necessity, 1754
Seven Years War emphasized the strong connection that still existed between the
British and the colonies in this period, as well as the absence of a desire for colonial
unity in this period
www.notesolution.com
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