Federalists emphasized the strong, centralized government, suspicious of democracy, argued for loose interpretation of the constitution, alexander hamilton, saw progress as stemming from a more diversified economy. democratic-republicans argued for a more moderate form of federal government with more power in the hands of individuals and states, jefferson, emphasis on the yeoman farmer. although a period of political conflict, it was also a period of t rying to define a character of the us, symbols such as the capitol, george washington, white house. Jay"s treaty lead to further deterioration of relationship with us and british. adams, however, wanted to avoid national conflict. don"t have the money, internal divisions, still a very young and vulnerable nation. seeking to avoid a conflict, adams sends delegates xyz to france, who demanded bribery. an outraged adams urged congress to make preparations for war. scurrying to make attempts to extend the military.