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HIS271Y1 (258)
Lecture

Territorial Expansion and Sectional Conflict

7 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS271Y1
Professor
Dr.Liamvan Beek

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HIS271YTerritorial Expansion and Sectional ConflictNovember 10th 2010
On top of industrialization and urbanization, immigration, expansion, and slavery
are also adding to sectional conflict
Immigration
1790-1840 the population in the US tripled, and would continue to double in every 25
years
On the eve of the civil war, there were 33 states
Cities were also skyrocketing
In 1790, there were only 2 cities with populations over 20,000, but by the 1840s, over
40 cities could boast those numbers
This increase comes as a result of massive immigration
The first wave of immigration begins in the early 19th century, roughly around the
time of the War of 1812 and continues until it peaks in the 1830s/40s
This immigrant population consisted largely of immigrants from England, Ireland,
and Germany
They were coming in such large numbers because:
Push factors: political/religious strife, poverty, population growth,
agricultural depression
Pull factors: promise of a better life, the American Dream
American fever
Industrialists deliberately encouraged immigration by offering incentives to workers
Immigrants, because they provided cheap labour, were key to the growth of some of
Americas key industries
Railroad lines also worked to encourage immigration
The railroad companies were granted large tracts of land along their railroads and
thus wanted people to live and work the lands
States also worked to encourage immigration
Even shipping lines advertised
www.notesolution.com
HIS271YTerritorial Expansion and Sectional ConflictNovember 10th 2010
Families would send money back home to finance family members immigrating
Enthusiasm to conform to American culture
Civic nationalism: an identity based on a shared set of values rather than an
identity based on a shared background and race
However, life in the US could be very difficult for immigrants
This could begin as soon as they began their journey, the ships conditions were long
and gruelling, diseases
Arrival could also be hard: some states tried to pass legislation to regulate the
intake of new immigrants, head taxes, state laws were aimed to both protect
immigrants and protect Americans
The chief fears at the time were that the massive flux of immigrants would be a
financial strain on the states and also the fear of the spread of disease
Ultimately, we see in this that many contemporaries were weary of the impact of
such an influx of the population
Of particular concern was that these new individuals would engulf the native
American culture, disrupting their institutions and values
One of the chief concerns was pauperism, that the immigrants would be a strain on
the states and jobs, that they would work for less and thus drive wages down
More significant was what some saw was the growing political power of these new
immigrants, particularly in the Democrat party, especially in New York/Jersey
Religion also played a role in this: majority of Irish settlers were Catholic
Anti-Catholicism was particularly rampant at this time in the States
Notion that the Irish were not willing to integrate, Irish Catholic schools
Stereotyped as ignorant, lazy, undisciplined, and unsuited to freedom
Nativism wasnt just about racism, however
It demonstrated the degree to which immigration separated American politics
Introduction of new parties whose entire goal was to undermine the new immigrants
The know-Nothing Party
www.notesolution.com

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Description
HIS271Y Territorial Expansion and Sectional Conflict November 10 2010h On top of industrialization and urbanization, immigration, expansion, and slavery are also adding to sectional conflict Immigration 1790-1840 the population in the US tripled, and would continue to double in every 25 years On the eve of the civil war, there were 33 states Cities were also skyrocketing In 1790, there were only 2 cities with populations over 20,000, but by the 1840s, over 40 cities could boast those numbers This increase comes as a result of massive immigration th The first wave of immigration begins in the early 19 century, roughly around the time of the War of 1812 and continues until it peaks in the 1830s40s This immigrant population consisted largely of immigrants from England, Ireland, and Germany They were coming in such large numbers because: Push factors: politicalreligious strife, poverty, population growth, agricultural depression Pull factors: promise of a better life, the American Dream American fever Industrialists deliberately encouraged immigration by offering incentives to workers Immigrants, because they provided cheap labour, were key to the growth of some of Americas key industries Railroad lines also worked to encourage immigration The railroad companies were granted large tracts of land along their railroads and thus wanted people to live and work the lands States also worked to encourage immigration Even shipping lines advertised www.notesolution.com
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