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HIS311Y1 Lecture Notes - Soviet Democracy, Oligarchy

Course Code
Robert Bothwell

of 4
HIS311Y Lecture Jan 10th- NATO 1/10/2013 12:13:00 PM
End of war spring of 1945
Strategic situation turned different from that of 1939
Germany now disappeared and its economy had been wrecked.
Instead of Germany now we have Soviet Union
Canada did have relation with USSR
Soviet Embassy was to funnel Canadian aids to Moscow
Canada sent Dana Wilgress to Soviet
o He spoke Russian and lived in Siberia for a while married
Western diplomats in Moscow was relatively isolated
o Western communities would talk to each other
Wilgress wrote an essay for Ottawa
N. Robertson thinks this is so important that he has a summary
made for the PM Mackenzie King
o About 2 pages long
Soviet democracy is not same as Canadian democracy
o On surface it looks like democracy
They have election, constitution, etc
o Only one party
99.99% supports the communist party
o It seems revolutionary
But conservative to secure their privileges
Soviet occupied Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Czecho Slovakia, and other
central Europe, berlin
These places hwv had higher standard of living than soviets
Local Communists
Communism in Europe
Mackenzie King and company received what happened in Western Europe
Fear in W. Europe
o Enemy may be beside you
Both USSR and West feared that the other will strike first
1st stage
march 1948
2nd summer 1948
o involves France Belgium Luxembourg
Third Stage
o Canada played prominient role in NATO nego
o Canada was constructive and effective
Fundamental goal for Canada => we have alliance.
Get France, and avoid them from straggling with US
Canada role was driven by strategic position
o Prior, Canada could balance US and UK
Pearson and Mackenzie King saw
Canada needed an institution with more local support and
o Purely military would not last long
Everything has to do Canada’s past and identity
o Canada to use new structure to connect with Europe
Canada needed sth more than Britain
o Canadian approach was to get the Americans in
Don’t want to remain satellite of US
Canada asserted Article 2
Beyond military -> cultural and economic
Signed 1948
1/10/2013 12:13:00 PM