-mostly males also due to the fact that many soldiers came over, troops there to protect
them from aboriginal attacks, sometimes the Iroquois attacked the French settlement.
-at the end of their soldiering days they were offered land and encouraged to settle, still,
all male soldiers
-gov intervened to bring women over, Louis XIV fostered the Kings Daughters or La
Filles du Roi, their immigration was organized and paid for by the French state, assisted
by the Catholic church which recruited these girls mostly from orphanages in paris and
the Church looked to recruit girls who was virgins who would become good wives and
-immediately upon arrival they were snatched up by settlers, very quickly marriages took
place, children born.
-only 770 women came over, yet they were responsible for the huge natural increase of
the population of the st. Lawrence valley.
-king sent many petty criminals to settle the area
-over 500 captured British could begin to settle
-300 African slaves were brought over; worked as household servants, some were
carpenters. Men and women slaves in this period
- these slaves were greatly outnumbered by the Aboriginal slaves.
Why so few immigrants in early Canada?
-penile colony, not so attractive
-Church; catholic church in France would say they had an awful job to do in order to gain
funds. Horrible conditions, we need your support.
- also a kind of general disinterest when immigrating to France, going so far, material
-peasants in France were secure on their lands, didn’t need to really look for new home
- wanted Canada to be Catholic, small protestant population in France, French gov
wouldn’t allow protestants to move to new france, it would be a ‘pure place’
- as a result, many protestants in France who wer eon the move ended up moving to the
Brtish colonies, what became the U.S. eventually.
-1760 French immigration came to a hault; this part of the world would now be British,
French government stopped encouraging people and very few continued to come over.
Further east, maritime region of Canada
-Area usually called Acadia (PEI, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick)
- British didn’t call it Acadia, called it Nova Scotia
-Vy for power, both sides saw this as a good region, a way of protecting their heavily
populated colonies here (British)
- france saw this area as somewhere that would protect the St. Lawrence valley
-area had military/strategic importance.
- French were first to settle the area, # of attempts early in the 1600s
Bay of Fundy !