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Lecture

The Prairies


Department
History
Course Code
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth

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3Lecture 11: The Prairies and the Immigration Boom 1900-1913
October 26/2010
Midterm test is next week in EX 100 on McCaul street
50 minute exam
exam is on all the content in lectures and the readings on topics 1,
2, 3
readings for lecture are not on exam
identify and explain the significance ex. why do we bother
studying this? is it a good example of wider patterns, such as these
etc.
1896: 17,000 immigrants arrived
bread basket
prairie development crucial to the success of a prosperous Canada
in this post-confederation period
fewer imm. came than what policy makers had hoped for
1700 prosperity did arrive in Canada
more immigrants arrived in the prairies
Mass immigration occurred from Britain from the U.S- and from
Europe, mainly german speaking and also in central and eastern
Europe
1896 towards the end of the slow period of immigration , only
17,000 arrived
o1913 400,000 arrived , 30% to Prairie West
oThis boom ended temporarily due to WW1
Prairie west was the most dramatic region in pop. boom (up 440%)
Causes push and Pull factor
oPush pop. pressure on land in Europe crowding, high
rents, they were uprooted looking for opportunity elsewhere
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Great Britain economy slowed down, which resulted in rising
levels of unemployment
opersistent persecution of religions central Europe
oPeriod of the closing of the American frontier lands in the
western U.S that attracted vast numbers of ppl in the 18th
century were occupied they could no longer get cheap land
Pull Canada experienced an economic boom
oMoney was pouring in from Britain and the U.S to develop
more markets to tap the resources in Canada pulp and
paper, mining etc.
owheat economy in the west more farms
oclosing of the American frontier led ppl to look elsewhere for
cheap opportunity and they turned to Canada
ofarming was looking more attractive b/c of some scientific
developments, new strains of grain that were ripe and early
which wouldnt leave wheat exposed to frost * - they were an
advantage
odry farming techniques received very little rainfall in the
west
these techniques were developed in the U.S and
brought up to Canada
Canadian recruitment of imm. was on the rise in this period, partly
responsible for the sudden boom
believed it was just the attractiveness of investing in Canada
Imm. policies were undertaken by the department of the
Interior Ottawa saw the prairie west as a vehicle of
opportunity??? (dont know if thats right)
1896-1911 Liberal government in power under Laurier
oClifford Sifton was minister of interior 1896-1905
larger than life figure, self-confident, liked to describe
himself as the Napolean of the West
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