Class Notes (922,511)
CA (542,864)
UTSG (45,890)
HIS (3,388)
HIS312H1 (86)
Lecture

Tutorial Notes#2: American Blacks

3 Pages
153 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Tutorial #2: Topic Two: American Blacks in 19 th
century Ontario: Challenging the stereotypes
Black population of Canada west:
Positive assumptions of Canada where white abolitionists guiding fugitive slaves from
American slave-owners to the freedom of British soil.
Some justification for that belief. Black people did come and set up all black
communities with churches. However it downplays courageous role of African Americans,
including ex slaves like Harriet Tubman.
-Also evidence that many black immigrants were not slaves, but simply freed black men and
women reacting to deterioration in their civil rights.
1861 census indicates historians exaggerate size of black population in general and
overestimate proportion of black population who were fugitives from slavery.
-40,000 blacks is probably most accurate figure argued by some. (Estimates ranging from
15,000 to 75,000)
-from personal conclusions, author draws maybe 22,500 to 23,000 black people (indicating
historians significantly overestimated black population of Canada west in 1860 by 75% or
more).
-No mass migration of blacks out of Canada. This conclusion is often drawn due to
mistakes in assumption of number of blacks living in Canada at the time. (Only a small
amount of blacks emigrated)
Most black people were not ‘fugitive slaves. Abolitionists often exaggerated the
numbers. Free immigrants, not slaves. (Many born in places like Maryland, Virginia and
Kentucky where many free blacks lived in 1860.) (Robin winks claim is thus doubtful)
-1861 manuscript reveals the black population of Canada west was much more widely
dispersed then imagined. Blacks in a total of 312 townships and city wards.
-All black settlements never had large populations (some like oro had only 150 to 200
individuals) established in 1850s.
-only Germans were comparable group to blacks in 19th century in numbers.
-Ontario and northern state historians have drawn extensively on documents from black
churches, schools and organizations and as such gain a specific view dedicated as central
theme, the formation of ‘black community’.
-equality before the law, but still discrimination in Canada. Whites called them ‘nigger
to their face and worse. Plus most blacks chose to remain in south after civil war.
Ideology and ex-slaves in Buxton and Chatham:
Blacks who arrived in legally non-racist society were generally ex-slaves with some
free-born blacks. Established through Canada west.
Blacks of Buxton and Chatham: areas of economic growth from 1840 to 1860.
-Both were prosperous home for blacks, founded by reverend William king (Who settled his
slaves there).
-When blacks first arrived in Chatham, whites shut them out of local public schools. By
1840, black school was erected.
-Kings endeavors to lay foundations of settlement were opposed by local racist Edward
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Tutorial #2: Topic Two: American Blacks in 19 century Ontario: Challenging the stereotypes Black population of Canada west: Positive assumptions of Canada where white abolitionists guiding fugitive slaves from American slave-owners to the freedom of British soil. Some justification for that belief. Black people did come and set up all black communities with churches. However it downplays courageous role of African Americans, including ex slaves like Harriet Tubman. -Also evidence that many black immigrants were not slaves, but simply freed black men and women reacting to deterioration in their civil rights. 1861 census indicates historians exaggerate size of black population in general and overestimate proportion of black population who were fugitives from slavery. -40,000 blacks is probably most accurate figure argued by some. (Estimates ranging from 15,000 to 75,000) -from personal conclusions, author draws maybe 22,500 to 23,000 black people (indicating historians significantly overestimated black population of Canada west in 1860 by 75% or more). -No mass migration of blacks out of Canada. This conclusion is often drawn due to mistakes in assumption of number of blacks living in Canada at the time. (Only a small amount of blacks emigrated) Most black people were not fugitive slaves. Abolitionists often exaggerated the numbers. Free immigrants, not slaves. (Many born in places like Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky wh
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit