Tutorial #3: Settling the Canadian West
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Tutorial #3: Settling Canadian West: The ‘Exotic’ Continentals
-Early 20th century brought mass immigration to Canada and contributed to the
racial-ethnic diversification of Canadian society. Some 2.5 million newcomers had arrived
-Most immigrants who went west were English-speaking, but also large numbers of
Scandinavians, and eastern Europeans also came (which included Ukrainians, Hungarians,
poles, and ethno-religious sects like the doukhobors and Mennonites from Russia and
-This made prairies ethnically diverse.
-Displacement of aboriginals as a result.
-General failure in settling the prairies, as European immigrants from Europe
preferred the American west, as did many Canadians... better climates, weather-resistant
strains of wheat, and advanced farming techniques.
-Mass exodus of Canadian-born citizens!
-Design that Canada was a ‘white’ nation.
-south and east Europeans not ‘as’ desirable as white Canadians and Britons, but still
-ethnic tolerance went hand in hand with national self-interest.
-‘foreign’ face of prairies engendered a racist backlash from English and French-speaking
A Roumanian Pioneer (by Anna Woywitka)
-Veronia came to Canada with her parents in 1898 when she was four.
-left because village in native land could no longer offer sustenance to him and his
-Four other families joined him.
-Upon arriving, lots of woods.
-Lived in primitive shelters called ‘burdey’, a dugout.
-Veronia’s mother didn’t like it and wanted to live in a log house, built before men
returned in fall.
-Women made the cottage house!
-No money spent, Veronia’s mother built the house.
-Men returned in fall with enough money to replenish food supplies and buy barest
-Veronia took care of her siblings and kept the fire going in fall and winter.
-Food ran short shortly before spring.
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