Lecture 7: Colonizing the West Coast

30 views4 pages
13 Jan 2011
Lecture 7: Colonizing the West Coast
-towards a colonial society
-exploration and the fur trade
-the Hudsons Bay Company and colonial beginnings on Vancouver Island
-Gov. James Douglas
-abs population decline: from 200 000 to 27 000, 1730-1880
-Nanaimo, coal mining
-Scottish, local, and Kanaka labour
-Gold Rush
-1858, Fraser River, Fort Hope, Yales, Lytton: 30 000 instantaneously
-Victoria transformed
-early 1860s, Cariboo country, Barkerville
-Oct. 13
-Britain trying to plant colonists on the Pacific coasts, to add to UKs colonial holdings
-but had difficulties in the mid-1800s
-cause first off took 3-6 months to get there from Britain
-no Panama Canal to get through the Americas, had to travel around N.
and S. America
-so relatively few newcomers
-the indigenous pop. was significant, many diverse cultures
-their presence was very obvious to the Euro newcomers
-British colony on the West coast was very fragile
-cause too few ppl
-large pop. of abs.
-very few women
-so no natural increase of pop.
-also time when we see the ppl from Asia arriving to Canada
-colonizing the West coast, 1849-1871, very brief, from founding British Columbia to BC entering
the Canadian federation
-about 100 000-200 000 abs. ppl living near colony settlement, a lot compared to the eastern
-but by 1880s, only 27 000, much to do with the spread of diseases from the Euros
-Euro exploration first from in 1728-1729, by the Russians from the Bering Strait, then the
Spanish in 1774 around the Americas
-Capt. James Cook the first Brit to see Pacific Canada
-fur trade opened in the 18th c. and the first half of the 19th c. with the abs., esp. for sea otter pelts
-by 1840 boundary with US est. by the 49th parallel
-1670, Hudsons Bay Company est., over Ruperts Land, and expanded across Canada
-by 1849, est. ownership over Vancouver, a 10 yr deal
-worried about fur trade, future
-would develop Vancouver’s natl resources, and est. a white settler, agri society
-first gov. of the HBC and Vancouver was Sir James Douglas
-under HBC in 1850s, tried to est. coal mining in Nanaimo
-tried to get Scottish families to do so
-also relied on local abs. labour, esp. above ground as transport
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.