Lecture 9: Anti-Orientalism and a White Canada Policy

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13 Jan 2011
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Lecture 9: Anti-Orientalism and a White Canada Policy
-the anti-Orientalist movement
-ideas
-institutions:
-Working Men's Protective Association, est. 1878
-Anti-Chinese Association, est. 1879
-Asiatic Exclusion League, est. 1900s(?)
-pressuring the British Columbian gov't
-employment restrictions
-immigration restrictions
****mid-term 2 weeks from now!!!***
-will be written in the exam centre on McCaul Street, EX ground floor room
-50 min test, starts at 3:10 pm
-make sure to look up the exam tips on Blackboard!!!
-about how to answer the questions
-content drawn from the lectures and the readings!
*research essay questions now on Blackboard
-along with outline/tips
-at least 6 references, cant be 6 six books (monographs)
-anti-Orientalism was an organized, institutional form of racism, esp. in BC
-from the days since the first arrivals right up into the 20th c.
-movements formed to get govt, corps to have anti-Oriental policies
-committed to a white Canada
-“White Canada forever
-much lobbying at the prov. gov’t, esp. BC, and to the fed. govt in BC
-to make it difficult to immigrate, to have them deported, to make it diff. to settle
down, etc ...
-to some extent was met with success, BC govt did do many proposals
for this popular movement for voters
-and the fed. gov’t also responded positively as well
-and so solidified the racial hierarchy of the time
-almost as soon as arriving, Asian immigrants faced racism
-ex. in the gold mines, Chinese miners driven off the best mining areas, forced to the
periphery, as the whites ganged up together
-newspapers also voiced objections to the entry of the Chinese, called them other and
lesser
-that they didnt belong in Canada, in a Brit. colony, would subvert the colony
-formed orgs. to make life difficult
-lobbied govt, mobilized the public, mass meetings, very active during election
campaigns
-a broad movement within white BC
-many religious figures involved, seen as a threat to Christian Canada
-many lawyers, politicians, middle and working class, workers and
farmers also supported it
-very few ppl spoke out against it, very wide support base
-those few who were against it, battled it subversively,
not openly, as too popular a movement
-this movement similar to other reform movements of the period
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-like the prohibition temperance movement, move to ban alcohol, seen as damaging to
Canadian society
-also the era of womens rights in Canada, voting rights for white women
-this movement contrasted with the opposition to blacks in the 1850s
-though a lot of racism against blacks, never an actual movement with organizations
against them, few politicians spoke explicitly
-in contrast to the institutional racism against Asians
-many orgs est.
-Working Mens Protective Association, 1878
-esp. with the backing of newly-formed trade unions
-called for public boycott of all Chinese-run businesses
-and against all corps. who employed the Chinese
-to end Chinese immigration in Canada
-Anti-Chinese Association, 1879
-focused on Ottawa
-numerous petitions to stop immigration
-Asiatic Exclusion League, est. 1900s
-largest org.
-numerous programs
-publicized plans of railway corps to import more Chinese railway
workers
-as Canada in the midst of bldg 2 new railways, CPR and
-fear of not hiring whites
-petitioning, lobbying
-also direct action, took matters into their own hands
-behind the 1907 riots
-reasons for it
-the yellow peril
-cause the Chinese pop. so large, if immigration doors open, they would
overwhelm white Canada
-even opening the door to few, would harm Canadas racial hierarchy,
with white ppl (of Brit. background) at the top
-said that the Chinese were decadent, used to have glorious
civilization but declined, werent moral like the Anglo-
Saxon civilization
-supported by universities, with profs, scientists
-thought they could never assimilate
-even if they spoke English, converted to Christianity
-practical concerns
-Chinese immigrants a threat to wage rates and labour standards
-as they were willing to work at half the rate of white men
-as Cnd dollars had great buying power in China
-worried that employers would prefer them, and that no jobs left for white
men
-that Chinese would weaken the economy
-as they sent most of the money back to China, remittances
-not good consumers, didnt shop in Canada, as families shopped
in China
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Document Summary

Lecture 9: anti-orientalism and a white canada policy. Will be written in the exam centre on mccaul street, ex ground floor room. Make sure to look up the exam tips on blackboard!! Content drawn from the lectures and the readings! At least 6 references, can"t be 6 six books (monographs) Anti-orientalism was an organized, institutional form of racism, esp. in bc. From the days since the first arrivals right up into the 20th c. Movements formed to get gov"t, corps to have anti-oriental policies. Bc, and to the fed. gov"t in bc. To make it difficult to immigrate, to have them deported, to make it diff. to settle down, etc To some extent was met with success, bc gov"t did do many proposals for this popular movement for voters. And the fed. gov"t also responded positively as well. And so solidified the racial hierarchy of the time. Almost as soon as arriving, asian immigrants faced racism.

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