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Lecture 9

Lecture 9: Anti-Orientalism and a White Canada Policy

Course Code
Ian Radforth

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Lecture 9: Anti-Orientalism and a White Canada Policy
-the anti-Orientalist movement
-Working Men's Protective Association, est. 1878
-Anti-Chinese Association, est. 1879
-Asiatic Exclusion League, est. 1900s(?)
-pressuring the British Columbian gov't
-employment restrictions
-immigration restrictions
****mid-term 2 weeks from now!!!***
-will be written in the exam centre on McCaul Street, EX ground floor room
-50 min test, starts at 3:10 pm
-make sure to look up the exam tips on Blackboard!!!
-about how to answer the questions
-content drawn from the lectures and the readings!
*research essay questions now on Blackboard
-along with outline/tips
-at least 6 references, cant be 6 six books (monographs)
-anti-Orientalism was an organized, institutional form of racism, esp. in BC
-from the days since the first arrivals right up into the 20th c.
-movements formed to get govt, corps to have anti-Oriental policies
-committed to a white Canada
-“White Canada forever
-much lobbying at the prov. gov’t, esp. BC, and to the fed. govt in BC
-to make it difficult to immigrate, to have them deported, to make it diff. to settle
down, etc ...
-to some extent was met with success, BC govt did do many proposals
for this popular movement for voters
-and the fed. gov’t also responded positively as well
-and so solidified the racial hierarchy of the time
-almost as soon as arriving, Asian immigrants faced racism
-ex. in the gold mines, Chinese miners driven off the best mining areas, forced to the
periphery, as the whites ganged up together
-newspapers also voiced objections to the entry of the Chinese, called them other and
-that they didnt belong in Canada, in a Brit. colony, would subvert the colony
-formed orgs. to make life difficult
-lobbied govt, mobilized the public, mass meetings, very active during election
-a broad movement within white BC
-many religious figures involved, seen as a threat to Christian Canada
-many lawyers, politicians, middle and working class, workers and
farmers also supported it
-very few ppl spoke out against it, very wide support base
-those few who were against it, battled it subversively,
not openly, as too popular a movement
-this movement similar to other reform movements of the period
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-like the prohibition temperance movement, move to ban alcohol, seen as damaging to
Canadian society
-also the era of womens rights in Canada, voting rights for white women
-this movement contrasted with the opposition to blacks in the 1850s
-though a lot of racism against blacks, never an actual movement with organizations
against them, few politicians spoke explicitly
-in contrast to the institutional racism against Asians
-many orgs est.
-Working Mens Protective Association, 1878
-esp. with the backing of newly-formed trade unions
-called for public boycott of all Chinese-run businesses
-and against all corps. who employed the Chinese
-to end Chinese immigration in Canada
-Anti-Chinese Association, 1879
-focused on Ottawa
-numerous petitions to stop immigration
-Asiatic Exclusion League, est. 1900s
-largest org.
-numerous programs
-publicized plans of railway corps to import more Chinese railway
-as Canada in the midst of bldg 2 new railways, CPR and
-fear of not hiring whites
-petitioning, lobbying
-also direct action, took matters into their own hands
-behind the 1907 riots
-reasons for it
-the yellow peril
-cause the Chinese pop. so large, if immigration doors open, they would
overwhelm white Canada
-even opening the door to few, would harm Canadas racial hierarchy,
with white ppl (of Brit. background) at the top
-said that the Chinese were decadent, used to have glorious
civilization but declined, werent moral like the Anglo-
Saxon civilization
-supported by universities, with profs, scientists
-thought they could never assimilate
-even if they spoke English, converted to Christianity
-practical concerns
-Chinese immigrants a threat to wage rates and labour standards
-as they were willing to work at half the rate of white men
-as Cnd dollars had great buying power in China
-worried that employers would prefer them, and that no jobs left for white
-that Chinese would weaken the economy
-as they sent most of the money back to China, remittances
-not good consumers, didnt shop in Canada, as families shopped
in China
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