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Lecture 11

Lecture 11: The Prairies and the Immigration Boom, 1900-1913


Department
History
Course Code
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth
Lecture
11

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Lecture 11: The Prairies and the Immigration Boom, 1900-1913
-immigration boom
-1896: 17 000 immigrants arrive
-1913: 400 000 arrived
-30% go to the Prairie West
-Saskatchewan pop. up 440% (vs. Nova Scotia pop. up only 7%)
-causes of the population/immigration boom: push/pull
***mid-term next week!!!
-in EX100 at the exam centre on McCaul Street at 3pm!
-only 1 hr exam, no lecture next week then
-incl. readings (Topics 1-3) and the lecture content as well
-***see the tips for the test on Blackboard!!!***
-ids 5/10 (name, event, group of immigrants, dates of sig., act of parliament
-who, what, where
-explain the significance, is it a good example of wider patterns like, why do we
know about it, think about the context in the lecture, what's the wider
idea of it
-Cnd. hope the Prairie region would boom into an agricultural might, improve Western
development, seen as crucial to the development of a prosperous Canada
-policies put in place to foster immigration/settler were dismal
-far fewer ppl came, not as prosperous either regionally or nationally
-prosperity came to Canada in 1900
-sharp rise in immigration levels, esp the dozen yrs starting the 20th c., 1913 was the peak
yr
-1896: 17 000=> 1913: 400 000
-boom slowed in 1914 cause of WWI, as Canada involved in the war
-the Prairie region became one of the engines of a prosperous Canada
-mass immigration from Britain (trad.), sig. numbers from the US, and from Europe
-not just German-speaking in the NW Euro, but central and Eastern Euro.
-much larger numbers in general
-immigration went to all parts of Canada, but the Prairies were the most dramatically developed
-like SK pop. went up 440%
-vs. NS pop. went up 7%, mostly due to natural increase
-also went to industrial cities like Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver
-causes of immigration to Canada at this time
-continuing out migration from Euro
-cause of pop. pressures on the land
-too crowded
-rising rents/prices
-looking for opportunities elsewhere
-Brit. eco. went down
-rising levels of unemployment
-lack of demand for goods
-persecution of religious minorities
-esp. in central and Eastern Euro
-period of the closing of the American frontier
-the land in the US which attracted vast numbers in the 19th was scarcer
and more expensive
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