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Lecture 13

Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression


Department
History
Course Code
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth
Lecture
13

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Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression
-"Dangerous Foreigners"
-reasons for immigrant radicalism
-ethnicity and radicalism
-Ukrainians, Jews, Finns (and Russians, Croatians)
-Reds vs. Whites in Finland
-Hall Socialism
-Finnish (Socialist) Organization of Canada
-Ukrainian Labour-Farmer Association
-(Jewish) Labour League
-sig. minority became sort of radical, but were very loud
-"dangerous foreigners"
-didn't speak Eng/Fre
-outside the Brit. tradition
-gov't did best to halt this radical activity
-focused on capitalism
-vs. the radicals focused on workers
-reasons for immigrant radicalism
-came from experiences on the job
-did the dirty, heavy, dangerous jobs in industries
-experienced great insecurity in jobs
-felt exploited
-the dream of eco. success wasn't working how they had hoped
-came a sense of anger
-wanted to do something about it, changing the systems
-discrimination on and off the job
-English/French speaking Canadians shunned them, saw them as dirty,
contaminated, the lowest of the low
-in terms of their jobs, status in the country
-fed up with crappy living conditions
-felt isolated from mainstream Canada, so clumped together with their own kind
-felt targeted by police, when they had strikes, faced deportations
-radicalism also spread due to leftist activists who came to Canada from Euro
-had faced repression in their home countries, forced to leave, and just took up their old
left agendas in their own particular communities
-many of the newcomers were peasants, vs. the leaders were from the cities, the
leftist leaders
-wanted an international movement
-derived from Marx
-in this new internat'l labour market
-certain ethnic groups were particularly active
-like the Ukrainians, Jews, and the Finns
-brought left-wing ideas from Euro, which spread greatly in their new
communities
-and even from England, from urban areas like Glasgow
-Finn immigrants
-majority were from rural areas, not really political
-but during WWI, a strong socialist movement arose in urban areas in Finland
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