Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression

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Published on 13 Jan 2011
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS312H1
Professor
Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression
-"Dangerous Foreigners"
-reasons for immigrant radicalism
-ethnicity and radicalism
-Ukrainians, Jews, Finns (and Russians, Croatians)
-Reds vs. Whites in Finland
-Hall Socialism
-Finnish (Socialist) Organization of Canada
-Ukrainian Labour-Farmer Association
-(Jewish) Labour League
-sig. minority became sort of radical, but were very loud
-"dangerous foreigners"
-didn't speak Eng/Fre
-outside the Brit. tradition
-gov't did best to halt this radical activity
-focused on capitalism
-vs. the radicals focused on workers
-reasons for immigrant radicalism
-came from experiences on the job
-did the dirty, heavy, dangerous jobs in industries
-experienced great insecurity in jobs
-felt exploited
-the dream of eco. success wasn't working how they had hoped
-came a sense of anger
-wanted to do something about it, changing the systems
-discrimination on and off the job
-English/French speaking Canadians shunned them, saw them as dirty,
contaminated, the lowest of the low
-in terms of their jobs, status in the country
-fed up with crappy living conditions
-felt isolated from mainstream Canada, so clumped together with their own kind
-felt targeted by police, when they had strikes, faced deportations
-radicalism also spread due to leftist activists who came to Canada from Euro
-had faced repression in their home countries, forced to leave, and just took up their old
left agendas in their own particular communities
-many of the newcomers were peasants, vs. the leaders were from the cities, the
leftist leaders
-wanted an international movement
-derived from Marx
-in this new internat'l labour market
-certain ethnic groups were particularly active
-like the Ukrainians, Jews, and the Finns
-brought left-wing ideas from Euro, which spread greatly in their new
communities
-and even from England, from urban areas like Glasgow
-Finn immigrants
-majority were from rural areas, not really political
-but during WWI, a strong socialist movement arose in urban areas in Finland
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Document Summary

Sig. minority became sort of radical, but were very loud. Gov"t did best to halt this radical activity. Did the dirty, heavy, dangerous jobs in industries. The dream of eco. success wasn"t working how they had hoped. Wanted to do something about it, changing the systems. English/french speaking canadians shunned them, saw them as dirty, contaminated, the lowest of the low. In terms of their jobs, status in the country. Felt isolated from mainstream canada, so clumped together with their own kind. Felt targeted by police, when they had strikes, faced deportations. Radicalism also spread due to leftist activists who came to canada from euro. Had faced repression in their home countries, forced to leave, and just took up their old left agendas in their own particular communities. Many of the newcomers were peasants, vs. the leaders were from the cities, the leftist leaders. Brought left-wing ideas from euro, which spread greatly in their new communities.